Menene kuma menene alamun cutar neosporosis?

karamin kare kare a kan shuɗin shuɗi

La canine neosporosis Cuta ce da za ta iya shafar karnuka kuma a lokuta da dama za a iya rikicewa da toxoplasmosis. Yawancin nau'in dabbobi zasu iya kamuwa da wannan cutar wanda ya haifar da kwayar cutar parasitic.

Wasu nau'in shanu kamar su bovines suna da saurin kamuwa da shi kuma tabbas karnuka ne. Zamanin da karnuka suka fi fuskantar rauni shi ne yayin da suke karnuka. Wajibi ne a zama faɗakarwa game da duk wata alama da ke da alaƙa da tsarin jijiyoyin jijiyoyin dabbobin gida, kamar wahalar tafiya, faɗuwa ko tuntuɓe akai-akai.

Menene canos neosporosis?

kare mai cin guntun kashi

Canine neosporosis cuta ce da kwayar cuta ta haifar Neospora caninum. Wannan kwayar cutar tana aiki ne kawai cikin kwayar halitta kuma kwayar coccidia ce wacce zata iya shafar nau'ikan dabbobi. Kodayake an samo shi a karo na farko a cikin karnuka, amma kuma an gano shi a cikin shanu, tare da bovine neosporosis shine babban dalilin zubar da ciki, don haka ba wata cuta ce ta musamman ta karnuka ba.

Koyaya, bincike ya nuna yanzu Ana samun waɗannan ƙwayoyin cuta a cikin karnuka, kawa, dingo, kerkeci mai launin toka, bauna, barewa, dawakai da raƙuma. Wani ɓangare na zagayen cigaban sa yana buƙatar wasu masu karɓar bakunci kamar rodents, tsuntsaye, dabbobi, da sauransu.

Tsarin halittu

Lokacin da kare ya kamu da cutar neosporosis, sukan kawar da cutar ta hanjinsu, suna gurbata ciyawa ko ruwa wanda daga baya shanu ko wasu dabbobin zasu iya cinyewa. Wannan zagayen yana sa karnukan su kamu da cutar ta hanyar cinye kayan daga dabbobi, kowane ɗayan mahaɗan matsakaici da aka ambata ko ta mahaifa mai cutar.

Kare shine babban mahaukacin mai cutar dake kawar da ooscysts a cikin feces. Wasu dabbobin suna aiki a matsayin matsakaitan runduna kuma suna ba da damar ci gaba da cutar. Wannan yana faruwa ne saboda suna cinye mayunwatsun da suka lalace wanda yawanci yakan dauki awanni 24 kafin su sami sabon sifa.

Da zarar kare ya cinye nama daga mai shiga tsakani, zai ba da damar isa ga kwayar halittar da ta riga ta zama tachyzoites da bradyzoites, wanda zai kawar don fara sabon zagaye bayan kwana biyar. Yayin Zai dauki kwanaki 19 zuwa XNUMX na cututtukan cikin gida su canza cutar da take dauke da jijiyoyin jikin mutum.

Ganewar asali, bayyanar cututtuka da kuma yadawa

Idan aka lura da duk wani sauyi a yanayin rayuwar dabbar, to ya kamata a kai shi wurin likitan dabbobi domin kawar da cututtukan da ba sa bayyana alamun cutar. Wannan don kiyayewa kuma iya samun damar ganewar asali cikin lokaci wannan yana ƙara damar da dabbar gidan zata murmure sosai.

Idan dabbar dabbar ba ta nuna wata alama ba, akwai gwaji mai sauƙi da sauƙi wanda ke hana duk wani haɗarin kamuwa da cutar ta parasite, wanda gwajin jini ne wanda ke nuna canje-canje a cikin sigogin ayyukan hanta.

kare mai cin guntun kashi

El canine neosporosis m yana faɗakar da kyallen takarda na tsarin jijiyoyin dabba. Wannan yana da mahimmanci kuma yana haifar da alamomin kamannin na toxoplasmosis na canine, wanda shine dalilin da yasa wasu lokuta masu rikitarwa suke rikicewa tunda a karkashin madubin microscope fasalin duka parasites yayi kama da juna.

Babban bambanci tsakanin cututtukan furotin duka shine neosporosis, yana nuna alamun rashin daidaito na sasantawa a cikin tsarin jijiyoyi ya nuna ta hanyar matsalolin motsa jiki da na jijiyoyin jiki.

A cikin dabbobin manya alamun cutar da aka bayyana sune myocarditis, wanda shine kumburin tsokar zuciya, polymyositis ko kumburin ƙwayoyin tsoka da fata. Hakanan kamewa da canje-canje a cikin halaye na iya faruwa kamar yadda kare zai yi bakin ciki kuma ya rasa abincinsa. Koyaya, alama mafi firgita ita ce saurin lalacewar jijiyoyin jiki sosai a bayyane a bayan gabobin dabbar.

Ya zuwa yanzu hanyoyi guda uku ne kawai na yaduwar cutar aka gano tun lokacin da aka gano wanda ya kamu da cutar a shekarar 1984. Na farko shi ne ta hanyar shan osquites kai tsaye ta hanyar abinci ko ruwan da aka gurbata da najasa dauke da m.

Cin gurbataccen nama daga mai cutar wanda cutar ta riga ta kwana a cikin tsoka. A ƙarshe, yana cikin mahaifa mai cutar. Ba zai yiwu a iya bayyana cikakkun bayanai game da wannan watsawar ba amma gaskiya ne cewa abu ne mai yiyuwa.

Kwikwiyoyi su ne mafi rauni

Kwiyakwiyi sune farkon wanda aka gano da cutar neosporosis. Abin baƙin ciki saboda ƙyanƙyashewa da yawa wannan kwayar cutar ta haifar da gurguntar tsoka da kuma saurin mutuwa. Waɗannan dabbobin suna da wata cuta ta cikin gida wanda aka haifar saboda mahaifiya ba ta da lafiya. Koyaya, alamun cutar a cikin thean kwikwiyo sun kasance masu ƙarfi kuma an hanzarta su tare da cutar shan inna da ƙashin baya da muƙamuƙi.

Wannan ya haifar musu da wahalar ci da kuma ci gaba da lalacewar tsarin garkuwar jiki wanda a mafi karancin lokuta har ma aka gabatar da mummunar cutar cutar rashin lafiya. Atrophy na tsoka yana tare da gazawar zuciya, ciwon huhu da kuma gagarumar kumburin hanta. A cikin karnukan da suka manyanta cutar na ci gaba amma ba ta da hadari da tashin hankali kamar ta karnuka ko karnuka masu tsufa.

Magungunan kwikwiyo

Ya zuwa yanzu babu wata allurar rigakafin cutar neosporosis. Koyaya, ana amfani da magani na kimiyyar magani wanda ya dogara akan maganin rigakafi na musamman don karnuka da antiprotozoa. Magungunan da akafi amfani dasu don magance illar cutar sune sulfonamide, pyrimethamine, da kuma clindamycin.

An gano shi da wuri, za'a iya warke shi muddin dabbar gidan ta yi tsayayya da hoto mara kyau na asibiti wanda kwayar cutar ta haifar. Matsaloli na iya faruwa a matakin zuciya, numfashi ko matsalolin hanta. Idan garkuwar garken dabbobi tana da ƙarfi kuma m ba ta haifar da wata illa ba, za a iya juya tasirin.

Shawara

kare mai cin guntun kashi

Ya zuwa yanzu an tabbatar da cewa ana iya daukar kwayar cutar ta tsararraki da yawa idan mace ta kowane irin ƙwayar canine ta kamu da cutar, ya kamata a guji cewa tana da zuriya. Wani muhimmin al'amari kuma shine sarrafa abincin karnukan da ke rayuwa a cikin filin.

Waɗannan dabbobin dabbobin da ke da ƙwarewar farauta ko waɗanda suka saba cin ɗanyen nama suna cikin haɗarin kamuwa da cutar, don haka ana ba da shawarar a ilimantar da su su ci abincin da aka nuna kawai kuma a wuri guda wanda zai zama kwandon abincin. Saboda wannan, ilimi a cikin karnuka yana da mahimmanci don hana su samun wata cuta, ba kawai canos neosporosis ba.


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