Izinja nokucindezela kokudla

izinja-nokudla-ukucindezeleka- (10)

Kukhona umusho owaziwayo ositshela ukuthi siyilokho esikudlayo. Uma kunjalo ngempela, kufanele sizibuze lo mbuzo ngemuva kokuthenga isaka lakho lokudla esitolo esijwayelekile futhi sithenge uhlobo olushibhe kakhulu. Uma isikhwama esingamakhilogremu angama-10 sisibiza ngama-eu ayi-20, kufanele sizibuze okungenani, kungenzeka kanjani ukuthi ukudla kwenja yami kubize kakhulu futhi uma kukufanele.

Namuhla ngizohlaziya isimo semboni yokudla kwezinja, ukuthi zenziwe ngani, liyini ikhwalithi yazo, yikuphi ukudla okufanele inja noma ukuthi kuyithinta kanjani inja yethu ukudla ukudla okungabizi kangako. Futhi izimpendulo engizithembisayo zizokumangaza ukusho okungenani. Ngikushiya nale ndatshana ebizwa ngokuthi, Izinja nokucindezela kokudla.

izinja-nokudla-ukucindezeleka- (11)

Ukwenza ubuntu bezinja zethu.

Abantu sivame ukukhombisa izinja zethu ngokuzenza zibe ngabantu. Lokho akuyona into entsha. Futhi akusikho ukuthi abantu bakwenza kuphela ngezinja namakati, kepha kunalokho ukuthi sivame ukukwenza ngezinto noma ngezindawo. Lokhu kubizwa nge-Anthropomorphism, futhi kungezinye zezimbangela ezinkulu zokuxineka ezilwaneni zethu, emazingeni esingawacabanga nje. Futhi abantu abaningi abakucabangi nakukucabanga.

Nsuku zonke kufanele ngibhekane nabantu emsebenzini wami abakholelwa ukuthi ngokukhuluma nenja, inja iyabaqonda. Kunzima ukubenza baqonde ukuthi akugcini nje ngokuthi abawuqondi kahle umyalezo esibathumela wona, kodwa nokuthi singabaphazamisa futhi sibahlukumeze, sibavimbe.

Futhi yini engalungile ngokudaya izinwele zezinja zami, ukufaka ijazi nekepisi kuye, noma ukumvumela angene kusofa?

Izinja zidinga uthando lwemindeni yazo yabantu, njengoba kuyizilwane ezihlala futhi ezihamba njengemihlambi, ukuthintana ngokomzimba, ukwamukelwa emphakathini, noma imikhuba yalowo mhlambi yizimpawu zazo. Inja idinga ukuzizwa ihlonishwa, ithandwa, futhi iphephile ngaphakathi endlini yayo.

Isibopho sethu.

Kusobala ukuthi thina, njengabantu ababhekele inja yethu ukuthi singobani, sifuna ukuthi inja izizwe njengoba ngichazile esigabeni esedlule, sithandwa, samukelwa futhi siyahlonishwa, futhi indlela yethu yokukhombisa ukuthi ingu-100% womuntu, uthenga izinto , enika ukudla okuncane, okumenza abe muhle ngezingubo nemibala okungeyona eyakhe, lapho singaboni ukuthi inja, njengenja okuyiyona, okufunayo ukuxhumana nomndeni wayo. Umuntu uvame ukukwenza njengophawu lokuthi uyayikhathalela inja yakhe, kepha lolu hlobo lokwelashwa kwesilwane luyifaka ekucindezelekeni okukhulu kunanoma yini enye ngenxa yezizathu ezahlukahlukene.

Esokuqala ukuthi ngokwenza kube ngumuntu, sithambekele ekuyekeni ukubeka imingcele, noma ngabe i-canine psychology, bese usebenzisa izindlela zokuphoqelela ngaphakathi kwezilungiso esizenzayo ekuziphatheni kwabo, okuphawulwa kulokhu yindlela esibaphatha ngayo.

Akukubi ukuphatha inja njengomuntu othile emndenini wakho, inqobo nje uma lokho akusho ukuthi ungayiniki imfundo eyanele yenja ehlala nomndeni wabantu, ekhaya lomuntu, nasemphakathini onobuntu. Ngalokhu kuzofanele sikukhulise ngemithetho nemikhawulo esiza ukuthi ikhululeke futhi ngasikhathi sinye ukwenza wonke umuntu anethezeke ngakho. Futhi lokhu kusho ukungoni inja, kayiyeke yenze lokho ekufunayo bese iyithethelela ngokuziphatha kwayo, ukuze ikuthethelele kamuva lapho ibhekene nobuthakathaka bokungazi ukuthi kufanele yenze kanjani. Kokuthunyelwe kwangaphambilini, ku Ukufundisa ngezinga elingokomzwelo: Ingcindezi ebangelwa ngabantu nokumiswa kwayo okulandelayo ku Ukufundisa ngezinga elingokomzwelo: Ingcindezi ebangelwa ngabantu II, Ngikhuluma ngalesi sihloko ngendlela ebanzi.

Olunye udaba okufanele lubhekwe ukuthi lapho ukugqoka noma ukudaya, Singaguqula ukuthinta komzimba kwenja yethu futhi siyidide, kanye namanye amalungu ohlobo lwayo, okungaholela ezimeni ezingafuneki.

Enye indlela okufanele siyenze ngayo inja yethu ivela ekudleni kwayo. Futhi lokhu kuyimbi kakhulu.

Omunye wabangane bami abakhulu, asimbize ngo-Ana, Kuyinto imifino. U-Ana unolwazi oluningi ngezinja, ngoba ubesekhoseleni iminyaka eminingana, ephethe izindawo zokukhosela nabanye, futhi ngaphandle kokufundela ubudokotela bezilwane. Ungumuntu engingamlinganisa ukuthi unolwazi oluningi ngezinja. Kodwa-ke, lKade ufuna ukubeka inja yakho ekudleni okususelwa ezitshalweni iminyaka momo. Uzame konke, ngisho nokufuna okuphakelayo kwegama lomkhiqizo okususelwa esitshalweni kuphela, noma okwenziwe ngofulawa welayisi. Ucabanga ukuthi wenza okulungile, kusukela bakholelwa ukuthi ukudla okufanele kwenja yakho kungasuselwa kuma-carbohydrate namaprotheni yemifino kanye namafutha njengaye, ukukhohlwa okuthile okubalulekile ekondleni okuyikho kwenja yakho. Inja ingumuntu odla inyama.

Futhi lokhu kuyiqiniso.izinja-nokudla-ukucindezeleka- (6)

Inja iyisilwane esidla inyama.

Futhi hhayi ukuthi ngiyakusho. Kungenxa yezizathu eziningana. Kuze kube muva nje bekukholelwa ukuthi izinja ziya ngokuya kude nakokhokho bazo bempisi, noma kunjalo ISmithsonian Institute ocwaningweni lwakamuva iphethe ngokuthi izinja nezimpisi zifana ngama-99% ezingeni lezakhi zofuzo. Kakhulu kangako, ukuthi baphinde bahlukanisa inja nohlobo lwayo, kusuka I-Canis Familiaris eya eCanis Lupus Familiaris.

 

Izinja zidla inyama ngezizathu eziningana ezingeni lomzimba:

  1. Izinja azizali amylase. I- amylase es i-enzyme ekhona emilonyeni yeziningi ezidla utshani kanye nama-omnivores adingekayo ukwehlisa ama-carbohydrate akhona ekudleni kwawo. Bahlafuna ukudla kwabo kakhulu, bayaconsa amathe, futhi lapho kulowo mathe yi amylaseIzidumbu azikhiqizi amylaseAbayidingi ngoba ukudla kwabo AKUSEKELWE ezinhlamvini noma okusanhlamvu. Uma ungadli ama-carbohydrate Kungani ukhiqiza i-amylase?
  2. Ipheshana lokugaya elifushane neline-asidi. Izinja zinomgudu wokugaya ukudla we-carnivore uqobo, okusho ukuthi awuphindeki kathathu ubukhulu bawo, nokuthi une-PH engu-3-1. Lokhu kunjalo ngoba inyama yesisulu idinga ukwehliswa isithunzi. Lokhu kusebenza nokugaya inyama isesimweni esingesihle noma ebolile, ngoba izinja zethu zazingabazingeli kanye nabazingeli.. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, ama-herbivores anomgudu wokugaya ukudla ophindwe izikhathi eziyi-12 ubukhulu bawo kanye ne-PH engu-5, elungele ukukwazi ukugaya izinhlamvu nemifino..
  3. Amazinyo acijile nokunyakaza komhlathi mpo. Izinja azihambisi imilomo yazo njengesilwane esidla imfuyo. Amakhambi enza ukunyakaza komhlathi okuyindilinga nokujikelezayo ukugaya nokugaya okusanhlamvu nemifino eyakha ukudla kwabo. Izinja zihambisa umlomo wazo zibheka kuphela ngoba azihlafune, azibambi, azigundi futhi azigwinyi. Kulula kanjalo.

Ngokusho kwesazi esikhulu se-canine, UCarlos Alberto Gutierrezencwadini yakhe "Amaqiniso Ahlazisayo Ngokudla Kwezinja":

 Ukuqhubeka wondla i-carnivore carbohydrate kuphoqa amanyikwe ukuba akhiqize i-insulin eyengeziwe (i-hormone engenisa ushukela kumaseli). Ama-pancreas e-carnivore asebenza kancane kakhulu kunalawo ama-omnivores nama-herbivores ngoba awajwayele ama-carbohydrate amaningi.

Lokhu kukhiqizwa ngokweqile kwe-insulin kunemiphumela eminingana emzimbeni wenja, phakathi kwayo lapho kutholakala i-hypoglycemia noma amazinga kashukela aphansi egazi.

Manje sekucacile ukuthi inja ingumuntu odla inyama futhi kungani iyi-carnivore, ake sizibuze, Yini edla inyama?

izinja-nokudla-ukucindezeleka- (5)

Ukudla njengomuntu odla inyama.

Lapho sesichazile umuntu odla inyama, ake sibone ukuthi yini nokuthi kungani. Ukucaphuna futhi UCarlos Alberto Gutierrez:

Ikakhulukazi inyamazane, inyoni, unogwaja, isidumbu esibolayo, futhi lapho bezingela emhlambini, khona-ke ezinye izinyamazane noma izilwane ezinkulu, ezilimele kaningi noma ezishiye iqembu ngenxa yezizathu ezihlukile, ukugula, ukuguga ...

Izinja zesimanje zazo zonke izinhlanga, kufaka phakathi eyakho, zineminyaka embalwa kuphela ebusweni bomhlaba, bekungukukhohlisa komuntu. Ukukunikeza umbono, lezi zinhlobo zineminyaka engamakhulu ambalwa ubudala futhi zivela ezinjeni zasendle ezavela eceleni komuntu wesimanje eminyakeni engaba ngu-80,000 edlule. Lezi zinja zasendle zona zivela ngqo kule mpisi eneminyaka eyisigidi ubudala.
Izinguquko zokuziphendukela kwemvelo azenzeki emakhulwini ambalwa eminyaka kodwa ezinkulungwaneni. Njengoba ngikutshelile, inja yakho ibinathi kuphela emakhulwini ambalwa eminyaka. Akukho okushintshile kusuka kumzala wakhe nakumanduleli: inja yasendle nempisi, ngaphandle kokubukeka.

Izinja zidla kakhulu amaprotheni emvelaphi yezilwane. Cabanga isikhashana ukuthi a Amaprotheni afana neketanga, futhi izixhumanisi ezakha lawo zibizwa ama-amino acid. La ma-amino acid awafani kumaprotheni ezitshalo nakwizilwane.

Izinja zidinga ama-amino acid angama-22 empilweni yazo. Yena uqobo, ngesibindi sakhe, uyakwazi ukukhiqiza ama-amino acid ayi-12, noma kunjalo ayi-10, kumele uzithole ekudleni kwakho. Futhi hhayi lawo ma-amino acid, afana i-taurine, i-lysine, i-arginine, noma i-threonine, azitholakali emaketangeni e-amino acid wamaprotheni ezitshalo. Ngakho-ke, lapha sibona ngokusobala ukuthi inja yethu idinga inyama, inhlanzi noma amaqanda ukuze ithole lokho ekudingayo ukuze iphile.

Kepha, kwenziwa yini okuphakelayo kwenja yami? ... kulapho umdlalo uqala khona.

izinja-nokudla-ukucindezela- (2) - kopisha

Ukuze ngijabule, ngifuna ifektri yokuphakelayo.

Okuphakelayo okuningi kwenziwa amazinga aphezulu ama-carbohydrate avela ezinhlamvini ezishibhile nokusanhlamvu, kanye nemikhiqizo evela embonini yokudla komuntu. Lapha eSpain kunemithetho emibili yokudla, owodwa osebenza ekudleni komuntu kanti omunye usebenza ekudleni kwezilwane. Iningi lezinkampani ezikhiqiza okuphakelayo zingamazwe amaningi okudla amakhulu, okuthi, ukuze zisebenzise kakhulu izinsizakusebenza zezinkampani zazo, ziguqule imfucuza evela ezimbonini zokudla kwabantu izenze igolide, ngokuthola, ngokusebenzisa lezi, ukondla izinja namakati, ukuthi ngomkhankaso wokumaketha olula usenze sikhokhele kufika ku-90 eu ngamakhilogremu ayi-15 okudla okomile ngamabhola ezilwaneni zethu. Ngiyakuphinda futhi, baphendula imfucuza ibe yigolide.

Yini empeleni ethatha okuphakelayo.

Ngokusho U-Eva martin, ku-athikili yakho, Ukudla okunempilo kwezilwane zethu ezifuywayo? ekhasini lakho, I-Alimentacioncanina.com:

Amaprotheni ekudleni okomile (okuphakelayo) avela emithonjeni ehlukahlukene. Lapho kuhlatshwa izinkomo, izingulube, izinkukhu, amawundlu nezinye izilwane, izicubu zemisipha ziyagawulwa esidunjini ukuze zisetshenziswe ngabantu, kanye nezitho ezimbalwa abantu abathanda ukuzidla, njengezilimi namabele.

Kodwa-ke, cishe konke ukudla okungu-50% kokuvela ezilwaneni akusetshenziswanga ekudleni kwabantu. Okusele kwesidumbu - amakhanda, imilenze, amathambo, igazi, amathumbu, amaphaphu, ubende, isibindi, imisipha, ukusikwa kwamafutha, izingane ezingakazalwa, nakwezinye izindawo ngokuvamile akudli abantu, eminye imikhiqizo esetshenziselwa ukudla kwesilwane, futhi ukudla kwezilwane, kukhona Umanyolo, izinto zokuthambisa ezimbonini, insipho, injoloba neminye imikhiqizo. Lezi "ezinye izingxenye" ​​zaziwa njenge "Imikhiqizo eyenziwe". Le mikhiqizo isetshenziselwa izinkukhu nokudla kwemfuyo, kanye nokudla kwesilwane.

Ikhwalithi yokudla okunempilo yemikhiqizo, ukudla, kanye nokugaywa kwazo kungahluka kusuka ku-batch kuya ku-batch. UJames Morris noRogers Quinton, baseYunivesithi yaseCalifornia eDavis Veterinary School, bathi, "izithako zokudla kwezilwane ezifuywayo" ngokuvamile ziyimikhiqizo eyenziwe yizimboni zenyama, izinkukhu nezinhlanzi, ezinamandla okuhluka kakhulu ekwakhiweni kwezakhi. Izimangalo zokwanela kokudla okunomsoco kokudla kwesilwane okusekelwe kwi-American Association of Current Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) Nutrient Subsidy "Amaphrofayli" akuqinisekisi ukwanela kokudla okunomsoco, kuze kube yilapho kuhlaziywa izithako namanani wokutholakala kokutholakala kokudla okutholakalayo ehlanganiswa.

Lokhu kuchaza ngokusobala ukuthi akubalulekanga nje kuphela ukuthi inja ineprotheni yezilwane edingeka ekudleni kwayo, kodwa futhi nokuthi le protein kufanele ibe nekhwalithi ethile ukuthola amazinga okudla okunempilo. Isibonelo esisibeka i-White Book yomkhiqizo we-Orijen, evela kuChampion Foods, Ngikuthola kukhombisa kakhulu:

Ake sithi sinamabhuthi amadala esikhumba ... amanye asebenzisa uwoyela wezimoto… kanye nesipuni sesigaxa samapulangwe. Manje, siyabacoboshisa ... sibaxuba bonke ... bese sithumela leyo potingue esivivinyweni selabhorethri ... ukuze ihlolwe.
Umphumela?
Le potpourri yemfucuza iqukethe ...
Amaprotheni 32%
Amafutha angu-18%
Umthambo 3%
Manje uma ubheka nje "izibalo ezinqunu" ... izinombolo zenza le nhlanganisela engafaneleki ibukeke ingaphezu kokulungile ... empeleni, ifana nanoma ikuphi ukudla kwezinja okusezingeni. Akuyona into ofuna ukondla ngayo inja yakho. Noma yimiphi imibuzo mayelana nokuthi bangakukhohlisa kalula kanjani?

Izinga lomthombo wamaprotheni lizomaka esinye isici esibalulekile ekudleni kwenja, ukugayeka kwayo. Ngokusho I-Champion Foods White Paper:

Ukugaywa kwamaprotheni kuyindlela esemqoka yekhwalithi.
Ngemuva kwakho konke, kunanzuzoni ukuba nokudla okwenziwe ngamaprotheni esezingeni eliphakeme uma kungenakugaywa kalula?
Amaprotheni enyama ayindlela engcono kunazo zonke - agaywa kalula futhi aqukethe ama-amino acid abalulekile ezinja nasemakati.
Ukuqonda kangcono ukugayeka kwamaprotheni, kubalulekile ukuthi wazi ukuthi ukugaya ukudla uqobo kungukuwohloka kancane kancane kokudla kube izingxenye ezincane ngokwanele ukudlula ezindongeni zamathumbu nasegazini.
• Ukudla okunokugayeka kwamaprotheni amaningi yilokho okungahlukaniswa kube yizakhi ezincane, ezimuncwa kalula kalula futhi ngokushesha kunabanye.
• Izithako zamaphrotheni ezihlangabezana nazo zombili izidingo ze-amino acid nokugayeka okuphezulu cishe njalo zivela emithonjeni yezilwane.
• Ezinhlelweni zokugaya ukudla ezimfushane zamakati nezinja, amaprotheni ezitshalo anokugaya ukudla okuncane kakhulu kunamaprotheni enyama.
• Amazinga aphezulu we-legypsin-inhibiting legumes angadala ukuncipha kwamaprotheni kanye ne-amino acid digestibility (kufika ku-50%) kumagundane nasezingulubeni.
Ngokunjalo, ukutholakala kwamazinga aphezulu ama-tannins ezinhlamvini ezinjengamabele, nemidumba, kungadala ukuthi ukuncipha kwamaprotheni kanye ne-amino acid kunciphiswe kakhulu (kufika ku-23%) kumagundane, izinkukhu nezingulube.

Kufanele sikhumbule ukuthi kukhona konke imboni yokudla ngemuva komqondo wokudla kwenja, imboni ehambisa izigidigidi zama-euro ngonyaka emhlabeni jikelele. Le mboni isitshela ukuthi ukudla okufanele kwenja kusekelwe ezinhlamvini nasemifino ngesizathu esilula: kulula ukuhlanganisa ukudla kumabhola wokudla kwezinja zethu okusanhlamvu, okusanhlamvu nemifino kunenyama nenhlanzi. Lokhu kusho ukuthi ukudla kwenja yethu kusekelwe ekudleni okungayondli kangako, ngenxa nje yokuhanjiswa komkhakha wemboni ukuthi, ngomkhankaso omuhle wokumaketha, usiqinisekisile ukuthi kungcono kakhulu kubo.

Kuphambene ngokuphelele. Ngicabanga = Ubuthi benja yethu.

Ukudweba iziphetho.

Kuneziphetho ezimbalwa esingazithola kulokhu kuhlaziywa okufishane kepha okukhulu kwesimo:

  1. Inja iCarnivore futhi idinga amaprotheni ezilwane.
  2. Ngicabanga ukuthi kumabhola (noma amathini enyama) awanawo amaprotheni namafutha akusiza ukuthi uthole ama-amino acid ayi-10 abalulekile ekudleni kwakho njenge i-arginine, i-lysine noma i-tryptophan.

Inja ithola konke kulokhu kuphila kithi. Uma ephuma, kungenxa yokuthi siyamkhipha, uma ephuza kungenxa yokuthi simnika amanzi, futhi uma edla yingoba siyamphakela. Uma kunokushoda ekudleni kwakho, yithina esinomthwalo wokuyilungisa, ngoba akakwazi. Kodwa-ke, nguyena ohlupheka ngakho.

Lapho inja ibona ukuthi okuphakelayo akumondli, kukhona okushodayo, engakwazi ukwenza lutho eyedwa, ngoba engenakho ithuba lokuyozingela, uzoqala ukukhathazeka, okuzoqala ukuzibonakalisa ngesikhathi esifanele, kumholele ekutheni agcine isimo noma sibe sibi kakhulu ikhula ngaphandle kokudingekayo ukuze ukhule ekudleni kwakho noma usebenzise amandla amaningi kunaleyo oyithathayo) ukuze ube ngumthombo wokucindezeleka okukhulu, okungavela kuzo zonke izinhlobo zokuziphatha okuphoqelelayo ne-Distres, lokho kungaholela ngezindlela ezahlukahlukene, kusuka ezifweni ezihlobene nohlelo lwakho lwe-psychoneuroimmune, ngisho iziqephu zokwehlukana nomndeni wakhe, abaqondi ukuthi kwenzekani enjeni.

Umkhawulo walesi simo ubonakala kalula ngokombono womzimba we-biochemistry yokwakheka kwesilwane Uma inja idinga amaprotheni emvelaphi yezilwane ukuthola, isibonelo, i-tryptophan, eyi-amino acid ephethe ukukhiqiza i-serotonin, ebaluleke kakhulu esilwaneni esifanele njengoba ingumgqugquzeli wobuthongo, futhi ithole ekudleni kwayo, izocindezelwa. Ochungechungeni lwezihloko ezedlule, ngibheka ngokujulile ukucindezeleka ezinjeni zethu, ukuqala emnyango Ukufundisa ngezinga elingokomzwelo: Ukucindezeleka futhi kugcine ku Ukufundisa ngezinga elingokomzwelo: Ingcindezi ebangelwa ngabantu II. Kulolu chungechunge lwezihloko uzoqonda ukuthi ingcindezi iyithinta kanjani inja yakho.

Ake siphinde.

Inja iyisilwane esidla inyama, okuthi noma sihlanganiswe ngokuphelele emphakathini wesintu, asihloniphi njengathi. Lokhu kwenza Ukudla okususelwa kokuphakelayo kwezimboni okutholwe ezintweni ezingavuthiwe zekhwalithi ephansi kakhulu (ephansi kakhulu ukuthi ngeke sizidle thina), imele umthombo ongapheli wezinkinga ezifuywayo zethu, kusuka ezigulini zomzimba, ekuqongeleleni ingcindezi ezungeze ukudla, okuholela enjeni enezimo eziningi zokucindezela nokuziphatha esingakuqondi futhi esingakwazi ukukuxazulula.

Ukushintsha ukudla kwezinja zethu kubalulekile, futhi uzozibuza, njengo-Antonio? ...

U-Antonio uzokutshela.

Ungaphuthelwa kumhlahlandlela olandelayo wokudla izinja we-Dog World kanye nencwadi yabo yamaresiphi.

Futhi ngizokutshela indaba yemvelaphi nokuvela kokudla kwezinja kwezimboni okususelwa kwimikhiqizo evela embonini yokudla komuntu. Ukuze uthukuthele futhi wazi ukuthi kungani.

Ngiyabingelela futhi ngiyabonga kakhulu ngokungifunda. Nakekela izinja zakho.

 


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-2, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   Samuel kusho

    Iqiniso ukuthi ngiyahlanya ngakho konke lokhu. Sikhohlisiwe impela uma kukhulunywa ngokondla izinja zethu. Bengingazi ngakho konke lokhu. Ngiyabonga!!!

  2.   UMaria caicedo kusho

    U-bitch wami udla uBarf futhi akakaze abe nenkinga yokugaya ukudla yize kwesinye isikhathi ecela ukuthi indlela adla ngayo ihlukahluka nolunye uhlobo lwenyama, okunye ukunambitheka kepha hhayi okunye