Ukudla kwezinkinga zesikhumba ezinjeni

Ukudla-kwesikhumba-izinkinga-enjeni5

Ijubane esiphila ngalo njengamanje izimpilo zethu lisilethela izinkinga eziningi zempilo. Ukudla okungalungile, ukuphathwa kabi ngokomzwelo, ukuma kabi lapho usebenza, ukulala okuncane, ... Lezi ngezinye zezinto esivame ukuzishiya emuva, empilweni yansuku zonke impilo yansuku zonke edla kakhulu ... futhi futhi lokhu sikudlulisela ezinjeni, imikhuba emibi uma kukhulunywa ngokuzinakekela, nokunakekela, ukubakhipha kancane, ukudlala nabo nokubanika ukudla okuncike ekudleni kwezimboni.

Usuku nosuku amahhovisi wezilwane agcwele izinja ezikhathazekile yesikhumba, esihlobene ngephesenti elikhulu nokudla okungekuhle, imvamisa kususelwa kokuphakelayo kwepelethi. Ngaphandle kokuqhubeka, ngikushiya nalencwadi yokupheka yokudla ngezinkinga zesikhumba ezinjeni. Ungaphuthelwa.

Ingabe inja yami inezinkinga zesikhumba?

Izifo zesikhumba yizinkinga ezivame kakhulu elashwa odokotela bezilwane. Ezindaweni eziningi zaleli zwe, zimele ngaphezu kwezingu-50% zazo zonke izilwane ezize ukuzohlolwa, kanti kuze kufike kuma-70% alezi zinkinga ezifanayo zesikhumba ngenxa yokungezwani kokudla. Kokuthunyelwe kwangaphambilini, izinja kanye nengcindezi yokudla, Ngichaza ukuthi ukugcina inja yakho idla ukudla impilo yayo yonke kungumthombo omkhulu wokucindezeleka empilweni yenja.

Idlani inja yami?

Ucwaningo oluningi lwezilwane emhlabeni wonke lukhombisa lokho imbangela yezinkinga eziningi zesikhumba ezinjeni zethu zibangelwa ukudla kwezimboni noma okuphakelayo okwezinja. Ukushoda kokudla kungenye yezimbangela, ngenxa yokushoda kwezakhamzimba ezifana ne-zinc, uvithamini A, uvithamini B, uvithamini E, amaprotheni noma amanye ama-fatty acid abalulekile, lapho inja yethu ibekwa ekudleni okususelwa ekudleni okomile kuphela.

Kodwa-ke, i-hypersensitivity ekudleni kanye nokungabekezelelani kokudla kungenzeka kube yisizathu sokugula kunokushoda kwezakhi. Lokhu konke kungenxa ye- inani elikhulu lezithasiselo namakhemikhali ahlanganisa zonke izinhlobo lapho lokhu kudla kwezimboni kucebile futhi okwenza amasosha omzimba wezinja zethu abe nengcindezi eyengeziwe uma kukhulunywa ngokukucubungula. Esihlokweni esandulele, ku Umlando Wemboni Yokudla Kwezilwane, Ngichaza ukuthi imboni isebenza kanjani futhi ngikunikeza uhlu oluningi lwezithasiselo namakhompiyutha abawukhiqiza ngawo.

Ukudla-kwesikhumba-izinkinga-enjeni4

Yikuphi kokudla okulungile?

Ukudla okunempilo okufanele

Imithombo eyisisekelo yamaprotheni

Ukudla okulawulwayo ukwelashwa kwesikhathi eside kuphela kuyamukeleka okweqile kokudla okubangela isifo sesikhumba. Ukudla okulawulwayo kucatshangwa ukuthi kulinganisiwe futhi akunayo i-allergen, futhi kwenziwa ngezithako ezingabekezelelwa ngaphandle kwezinkinga yinja. Olunye ucwaningo lukhombisa ukuthi kunokudla okungenzeki kakhulu ukuthi kudale ukungezwani komzimba nesilwane njengewundlu, inkukhu, inyama yamahhashi, inyamazane nonogwaja, ngoba akuvamile ukutholakala ekudleni okuthengiswayo.

Ukudla okungalungiswa

Ukuntuleka kokucutshungulwa kwalokhu kudla, kubenza babe mancane amathuba okuba bathole ukusabela okweqile. Omunye wale mithombo yamaprotheni uhlanganiswe nelayisi elibilisiwe noma amazambane ukwakha ukudla okuzosebenza njengokudla (kungafaki okunye okunye), okungenani amasonto amathathu. Kunezidlo eziningi zokuphathwa kwezifo emathunjini ezingasetshenziselwa izimo zesikhumba. Kwesinye isikhathi ukulunywa kuyaqhubeka izinyanga ngemuva kokukhishwa kokudla ekudleni kwakho kwansuku zonke. Kungcono ukugcina ukudla okungenani izinyanga ezintathu, ngaphambi kokuthola iziphetho mayelana nembangela yalokho kulunywa.

Nokudla kwezinkinga zokungezwani komzimba ezisemakethe?

Okuphakelayo kwezinkinga zesikhumba

Kunezinhlobo eziningi zokudla okuthengiswayo okutholakala ukwelashwa kokungezwani komzimba nokudla. I- iwundlu nelayisi ngokuvamile kuyizithako eziyinhloko yalolu hlobo lokudla. Vele, ngenxa yokucubungula ngokweqile lapho benziwa khona ukuwaguqula abe yifomethi yebhola eyomile yokuphakelayo kwezimboni esikwaziyo, kungenzeka kungasebenzi kakhulu ekwelapheni isifo senja yakho.

Izimo zesikhumba nokunwaya okubangelwa ukungezwani komzimba nokudla kuzovama ukuphela lapho izinja ziqala ukudla iwundlu nelayisi kokudla okulungiselelwe kohlobo lweBARF. Izikhathi eziningi, izinkinga zesikhumba ziyabuya lapho kudliwa ukudla okulungiselelwe iwundlu nelayisi okulungiselelwe ukuthengisa. Ngaphandle kwamavithamini namaminerali okwenziwa kakhulu, lokhu kudla akuqukethe ezinye izinhlobo zezakhamzimba. Ukudla okuthengiswayo kunezigcwalisi, izithasiselo, kanye nezinto zokubulala ezingaba nomthwalo wokubuyela emuva kwezifo zesikhumba ezingezwani nesilwane.

Isilwane singazwani nezinye izinhlobo zamalungiselelo ezimboni esizisebenzisayo, njengamathoyizi (qaphela ikakhulukazi amathoyizi ashibhile avela ezitolo zase-China), amaswidi, noma amalungiselelo okunikezwa kwamavithamini namaminerali. Amalungiselelo kavithamini namaminerali aqukethe imikhiqizo yenyama kanye nezithasiselo lapho isilwane singahle silwe khona. Izimpawu zokungezwani komzimba zivame ukuvela lapho iphilisi elenziwe ngesilwane elinevithamini namaminerali lifakwa ukulinganisela ukudla okulawulwayo.

Ukudla-kwesikhumba-izinkinga-enjeni6

Ngazi kanjani ukuthi inja yami inokungezwani komzimba nokudla?

Iqiniso Ngokuhlolwa Komzimba

Ngishiya lapha umbono kaDoctor of Veterinary Medicine, uDonald Strombeck (enye yezinhlangano ezinkulu kakhulu ekudleni okunempilo kwe-canine) ngale ndaba:

Ukuxilongwa kokungezwani kokudla kungaba nzima ukukufakazela. Azikho izivivinyo zaselabhoratri ezinokwethenjelwa ngokuphelele ukuqinisekisa ukungezwani kokudla njengesizathu sesifo samathumbu noma sesikhumba. Ukuhlolwa kwesikhumba kwangaphakathi kuvame ukusetshenziselwa ukukhomba ukungezwani komzimba okuhlukile njengesizathu sesifo sesikhumba, noma kunjalo, azikho izifundo eziveze ukuthi ukuhlolwa kwesikhumba kokudla kwesikhumba kunokwethenjelwa. Lokhu kuhlolwa kuvame ukukhiqiza ukusabela okungelona iqiniso okuqhakambisa izehlakalo zokungezwani kokudla.

Izikhathi eziningi, ngibonile umuntu echitha izinkulungwane zama-euro ekuvivinyweni kokungezwani komzimba nenja yakhe futhi engazuzi lutho, ngenkathi eqhubeka nokuphakela ukudla kwezimboni ngamabhola owomile.

UDokotela Strombeck usitshela ngokuhlolwa:

Ukuhlolwa kokungezwani komzimba nokudla kungafaka nokuhlolwa kwe-radioallergoadsorption (RAST) kanye nokuhlaziywa kwe-immunosorbent assay (ELISA) okuxhunyaniswe ne-enzyme. Lokhu kuhlola kuthola amasosha omzimba athile ngokumelene nama-allergen athile, lapha kukhona okokulwa komzimba. Azikho izifundo ezinjeni nasemakati ezibonisa noma yiliphi inani lalezi zivivinyo. Izinkinga eziningi ezingapheli zesikhumba zihlolwa ngokuhlolwa kwegazi kanye nama-biopsies esikhumba. Ukubalwa okuphelele kwegazi namaphaneli we-chemistry yegazi anikezela ngemininingwane encane ewusizo ekuboneni ukungezwani komzimba noma ukungabekezelelani.

Ungazi kanjani ukuthi ngabe ukudla kuyasebenza yini?

Ngokusho kukaDoctor Strombeck

Wonke amakhemikhali akhishwa kuphela ngemuva kokuthi ama-leukocyte ahlanganyele ne-allergen yokudla. Lapho i-allergen ihambile, ukukhishwa kwala makhemikhali kuyama.

Kwesinye isikhathi amakhemikhali aqhubeka nokuvela ngokuzenzekelayo ngaphandle kwe-allergen. Lokhu kukhishwa kwamakhemikhali okuzenzekelayo kwesinye isikhathi kungahlala izinyanga ngaphambi kokuba kunciphe futhi kuyeke. Kulezi zimo, isilwane singaqhubeka sikhombise izimpawu zomtholampilo zokungezwani komzimba noma i-allergen ingekho ekudleni kwayo. Kulolu hlobo lwamacala, kulula ukudideka futhi ukholwe ukuthi ukwelashwa kwehlulekile noma ukuthi i-trigger allergen ayitholakalanga futhi ihlala ingaziwa. Ukubekezela kubalulekile lapho kusungulwa ukwelashwa kokudla ezilwaneni ezinokungezwani komzimba nokudla.

Kodwa ngimphakeleni? Udokotela wezilwane wami uthi ukudla kwemvelo akulungile enjaweni yami

Izinja zami zinelungelo. Banokudla okunokucophelela okudlula okwenkosi, futhi kuthatha kuphela ingxenye encane yesikhathi sami nemali. Ngikukhomba emnyango Umhlahlandlela Wokuphakelwa KweCanine. Lapho uzobona okulungele wena nokungafanele.

Usuku nosuku, canine ukuqeqeshwa kokudla okunempilo kusuka kudokotela wezilwane lokho okusanda kushiya umjaho, cishe akunalutho, kanye neqiniso lokuthi ama-feed brand anikeza izinkulumo zamahhala namasemina lapho afundiswe khona ukuze azithengise lolu hlobo lokudla, ngoba sesivele sicabanga isithombe sonke.

Inja inokulingana okungu-99% kofuzo nempisi. Ungayicabanga nje impisi igula ngokudla inyamazane ephelele, kufakwe namathambo? I-logic ishiya ukungabaza okuncane ngoba uma ukudla okuyinhloko ekudleni kwabo kwansuku zonke kubenza bagule, ngabe baphela emakhulwini eminyaka adlule. Ukudla okungokwemvelo kuphephe kakhulu kunokudla okuncike kokuphakelayo okungekho kahle.

Izinja zinezinkinga eziningi ezikhiqizwe okuphakelayo, okuwuhlobo lokudla oluneminyaka eyikhulu kakhulu futhi eligcwele amakhemikhali futhi lishoda ngezakhamzimba, kunokudla okunempilo, okususelwa ekudleni kwemvelo, futhi okungenakucutshungulwa kakhulu .

Ukudla okuhlukahlukene futhi okwemvelo kuzoholela enjeni enempilo futhi ngaphandle kokungabaza ngamathuba amancane kakhulu okuthola noma iyiphi inkinga yesikhumba ehlobene nokungezwani kokudla, kunaleyo eyondliwe nge-pellet feed. Futhi uma udokotela wezilwane ekutshela ukuthi ukudla kwemvelo kubi, mbuze udlani.

Ukudla-kwesikhumba-izinkinga-enjeni3

Ukupheka kokudla kwezinja

Ngaphambi kokupheka

Lezi zokupheka zonke zenziwe nguDoctor Strombeck, encwadini yakhe  Ukudla Kwenja Nekati Elungiselelwe Ikhaya: Enye Indlela Enempilo, ngihunyushelwa futhi ngiguqulelwe umphakathi waseSpain yimi.

Konke lokhu kudla zenzelwe ukwelapha izinkinga zesikhumba wezinja, ezibangelwa ukungezwani kokudla, futhi ziza nemininingwane yazo yokudla okunempilo yenja.

Ngaphambi kokuqala ukupheka, kungakuhle ukukhumbula lokho inyama izonikezwa iluhlaza kanye nethambo kuzo zonke izindlela zokupheka, inqobo nje uma kunesilwane esincane. Uma kuyinyama yenkomo, iwundlu, ihhashi noma inkunzi, kungcono ukukhipha ithambo ulishiye njengethambo lokuzijabulisa. Bathola nomsoco kulowo msebenzi.

Uma ungafuni ukuyinika amathambo emvelo, ungahlala njalo ungeze ukudla kwethambo njengesengezo sokudla

Unogwaja onamazambane aphekiwe

  • Unogwaja omusha ongu-250.
  • Ama-300gr amazambane aphekwe ngesikhumba nakho konke.
  • 60gr weBroccoli noma iKlabishi.
  • 10gr ka-Olive Oil
  • 3 milligram kasawoti
  • I-3 gr eyimpuphu yokudla kwethambo (kuyakhetheka uma ungeke uyinike amathambo)
  • 1/5 amaphilisi amaningi wamavithamini namaminerali (enzelwe abantu abadala)

Lokhu kudla kunikeza ama-Kcalories angama-647, amaprotheni angama-29,3gr, namafutha angu-17,6gr, ukumboza i- izidingo zenja emaphakathi (cishe amakhilogremu angama-20)

Ungapheka unogwaja uma ufuna, uwubilise noma uwuthose cishe imizuzu emithathu. Lokhu kuzokwenza ukuthi kugayeke kakhudlwana futhi kukhulise ububanzi bayo bekhalori ngandlela thile.

Yenza ingxube ebushelelezi eshisiwe ngemifino, usawoti, amavithamini kanye nethambo eliyimpuphu (uma kunesidingo), okuzoba yisoso sikanogwaja namazambane.

Inkabi namazambane ezinja ezindala

  • I-250gr ye-veal entsha.
  • Ama-300gr amazambane aphekwe ngesikhumba nakho konke.
  • 60gr weBroccoli noma iKlabishi.
  • 10gr ka-Olive Oil
  • 3 milligram kasawoti
  • I-3 gr eyimpuphu yokudla kwethambo (kuyakhetheka uma ungeke uyinike amathambo)
  • 1/5 amaphilisi amaningi wamavithamini namaminerali (enzelwe abantu abadala)

Lokhu kudla kunikeza ama-656 Kcalories, amaprotheni angama-35,7gr, nama-15,7gr wamafutha, we ukuhlangabezana nezidingo zenja ephakathi nendawo (cishe ama-20 kilos) ngosuku. Usebenze kahle ukuze ungalambi.

Ungapheka inyama yenkomo uma ufuna, uyithose cishe imizuzu emithathu. Lokhu kuzokwenza ukuthi kugayeke kakhudlwana futhi kukhulise uhla lwayo lwekhalori ngandlela thile.

Yenza ingxube ebushelelezi ephehliwe ngemifino, usawoti, amavithamini kanye nethambo eliyimpuphu (uma kunesidingo), okuzoba yisoso le-veal namazambane.

Ukudla-kwesikhumba-izinkinga-enjeni2

Unogwaja nelayisi elibilisiwe lezinja ezindala

  • 250gr kanogwaja omusha.
  • Ama-320gr welayisi omhlophe okusanhlamvu omude.
  • 60gr weBroccoli noma iKlabishi.
  • 10gr ka-Olive Oil
  • 3 milligram kasawoti
  • I-3 gr eyimpuphu yokudla kwethambo (kuyakhetheka uma ungeke uyinike amathambo)
  • 1/5 amaphilisi amaningi wamavithamini namaminerali (enzelwe abantu abadala)

Lokhu kudla kunikeza ama-Kcalories angama-651, amaprotheni angama-29,2 g, no-18,2 g wamafutha, ukuhlangabezana nezidingo zenja emaphakathi (cishe amakhilogremu angama-20). Ungapheka unogwaja uma ufuna, uwupheke noma uwenze umngani cishe imizuzu emithathu , yize lokho, njengoba ngibonisile ngaphambili, kuzokhuphula ibanga lakho lekhalori.

Irayisi kungcono ukuyifaka emanzini isikhashana bese uyiyeka idlule ngokwenza njalo, okusho ukuthi, ukuyipheka ngokweqile, ukuze ithambe. Ngale ndlela izogaya kakhulu isilwane.

Yenza ingxube ebushelelezi eshaywa ngemifino, usawoti, amavithamini kanye nethambo eliyimpuphu (uma kunesidingo), okuzoba yisoso sikanogwaja nelayisi.

I-venison nokudla kwerayisi okubilisiwe kwezinja ezindala

  • I-150gr yeVenison.
  • Ama-320gr welayisi omhlophe okusanhlamvu omude.
  • 60gr weBroccoli noma iKlabishi.
  • 10gr ka-Olive Oil
  • 3 milligram kasawoti
  • I-3 gr eyimpuphu yokudla kwethambo (kuyakhetheka uma ungeke uyinike amathambo)
  • 1/5 amaphilisi amaningi wamavithamini namaminerali (enzelwe abantu abadala)

Lokhu kudla kunikela ngama-Kcalories angama-651, amaprotheni angama-29,2gr, futhi kunikezela ngamafutha ayi-18,2gr, ukuhlangabezana nezidingo zenja enosayizi ophakathi nendawo (cishe amakhilogremu angama-20). Ungapheka uma ufuna inyamazane, i-friendolo noma kuhhavini cishe imizuzu emithathu, yize lokho, njengoba ngibonisile ngaphambili, kuzokwandisa uhla lwayo lwekhalori.

Irayisi kungcono ukuyifaka emanzini isikhashana bese uyiyeka idlule lapho uyenza, okungukuthi, ukuyipheka kakhulu, ukuze ithambe. Ngale ndlela izogaya kakhulu isilwane.

Yenza ingxube ebushelelezi eshaywa ngemifino, usawoti, amavithamini kanye nethambo eliyimpuphu (uma kunesidingo), okuzoba yisoso sikanogwaja nelayisi.

Umvundla Okhulayo Namazambane Wezinja

  • Unogwaja omusha ongu-200.
  • Ama-250gr amazambane aphekwe ngesikhumba nakho konke.
  • 60gr weBroccoli noma iKlabishi.
  • 10gr ka-Olive Oil
  • 3 milligram kasawoti
  • I-3 gr eyimpuphu yokudla kwethambo (kuyakhetheka uma ungeke uyinike amathambo)
  • 1/5 amaphilisi amaningi wamavithamini namaminerali (enzelwe abantu abadala)

Lokhu kudla kunikela ngama-511 Kcalories, amaprotheni angama-24,6gr, nama-17,6gr wamafutha, ukuhlangabezana nezidingo ze- zala umdlwane wenja emaphakathi.

Ungapheka unogwaja uma ufuna, uwubilise noma uwuthose cishe imizuzu emithathu. Lokhu kuzokwenza ukuthi kugayeke kakhudlwana futhi kukhulise uhla lwayo lwekhalori ngandlela thile.

Njengenjwayelo, yenza ingxube ebushelelezi eshaywa ngemifino, usawoti, amavithamini kanye nethambo (uma kunesidingo), okuzoba yisoso sikanogwaja namazambane.

Ukudla-kwesikhumba-izinkinga-enjeni

Amathiphu

Ngikushiyele amathiphu maqondana nokupheka ukudla, kukho ngakunye kwakho. Balandele uma kuziwa ekwenzeni ukudla okushintshelwe kangcono kunja yakho. Lahla uvalo lokumnika inyama ngethambo, konke kuluhlaza. Uma kuyizilwane ezincane, akwenzeki lutho. Akukuhle ukunikeza ithambo ledolo lenkonyane, noma kunjalo ngethambo lenkukhu, unogwaja noma intendele, ngeke ibe nezinkinga futhi kuzoba nomsoco omangalisayo.

Ungahlala ugcwalisa lezi zokupheka ngeyogathi yemvelo noma yamaGrikhi, uma kungenzeka ngaphandle koshukela. Uma ufuna ukuyithambisa kancane, ayikho into emnandi futhi enempilo kunezinyosi, uma ithengwa kumakhambi futhi ingokwemvelo, ingcono kuncono.

Ngaphandle kokuqhubeka, ngiyabonga kakhulu ngokungifunda futhi uma unanoma yimiphi imibuzo, ngizojabula ukukusiza. Bayekele kimi ekuphawuleni kwalokhu okuthunyelwe.

Ngiyabingelela futhi unakekele izinja zakho !!!


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-18, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   Alajandra Tint kusho

    Ngiyazithanda izindatshana ezikuleli khasi, ziwusizo olukhulu futhi ziyaheha 😀

    1.    U-Antonio Carretero kusho

      Sawubona Alajandra, ngiyabonga kakhulu ngokuphawula kwakho. Ngikufisela okuhle

  2.   ULuis S kusho

    Ngiyabingelela uMnu. Antonio Carretero. Ngiyanihalalisela ngemibhalo yenu. NginguDokotela Wezilwane, ngithweswe iziqu eminyakeni engama-21 eyedlule, ngizinikele ngokusobala ekufuyeni izinkukhu ezinzulu, yingakho ngisondelene nezitshalo zokudla kwezilwane ezigxilile. Ngineminyaka emi-4 ngifunda konke mayelana nokudla okunomsoco we-canine, neminyaka emi-2 ngisebenzisa ulwazi olutholakele (ukudla okulinganiselayo kwasekhaya), izinguquko ezinhle zingaphezu kokumangazayo. Ngiyethemba ukuthi imibhalo yenu izofinyelela kubantu abaningi abathanda izinja zabo, futhi ibasize bavule amehlo abo, lapho bebhekene nezifo eziningi ezibonakala eduze, ngokunembile ekubukekeni kokudla okomile (kugxilwe). Inkosi ikubusise.

    1.    U-Antonio Carretero kusho

      Sawubona Luis S. Ngiyabonga kakhulu ngokuphawula kwakho nangokubamba iqhaza. Kuyinjabulo ukwazi ukusisiza sonke sibe nezinja zethu ezingcono.
      Un saludo!

  3.   Monica kusho

    U-Antonio !! Halala! Ngifuna ulwazi ngokudla okunempilo kwemvelo ngathola i-athikili yakho… Noma isiphi iseluleko noma ukudla okuzenzela izinja ezinenkinga yokungezwani komzimba nesikhumba? Ngiyabonga !!!!

  4.   Gi kusho

    Ngiyabonga kakhulu ngokwaba lolu lwazi oluhle kakhulu !!

    Ukungabaza;: "1/5 amaphilisi amavithamini namaminerali amaningi" ingxenye (1/5) incike kakhulu..., ungacacisa kabanzi?

  5.   UToñy kusho

    Sawubona Antonio, nginegolide eneminyaka emithathu ubudala enesikhumba se-atopic kanye ne-allergies (imilenze nendlebe). Angazi kahle ukuthi uxabana nani, futhi bangithumelela ukudla okuphezulu, kepha kuyabiza kakhulu futhi angikwazi ukukukhokhela njengamanje. Ungakwazi ukungincomela ukudla okwenziwe ekhaya ukuze ngithuthukise? Ukuthi unesikhathi esibi impela.
    Gracias

  6.   beto kusho

    Oh ... izindlela eziningi zokupheka zifaka unogwaja.
    Ngenkathi ngiseyingane nganginonogwaja besilwane. Angikwazi ukondla injaja yami yenja. ngiyaxolisa kakhulu…

  7.   I-Héctor kusho

    Sawubona Antonio, ngiyabonga ngezeluleko zakho kanye nezindlela zokupheka.Umbuzo wami uthi usho ukuthini ngamaphilisi ayi-1/5, ngabe kungokwesihlanu kwethebulethi noma ngabe yinye kuya kwayisihlanu amaphilisi? Ngiyabonga.

  8.   Ruth kusho

    Ngineminyaka engu-7 ubudala waseMalta onenkinga yokungezwani nokudla okuzibonakalisa nge-gingivitis ephindaphindayo, okumenza athathe ama-antibiotic kaningi kakhulu ngokuthanda kwami ​​futhi ngingathanda ukwazi ukuthi kukhona yini ukudla okungamsiza
    Ngiyabonga kakhulu kusengaphambili

  9.   macarena kusho

    Sawubona inja yami ifanekisela kodwa angazi ukuthi yini .. ineminyaka engu-4 ubudala futhi bengiyinika okuphakelayo okuvela ku-tv uphawu lokugcina .. yinkukhu noma kuya kepha iyafaka emuva isikali .. iyaluma futhi iyaluma, Futhi isisu siphenduka sibe pink, ungumkhiqizi wewayini oneyorsay ... Kade ngangimnika okuphakelayo ngicabanga ukuthi uphawu lwephawundi salmon kodwa-ke kwesinye isikhathi ngifuna ukumnika okunye kulokhu usuku ngoba ngithatha iphathi futhi angazi ukuthi ngizomnika ini umusa omningi ngilindele impendulo yakho ukubingelela.

  10.   U-Alba sofia kusho

    Ngiyabonga ngokwabelana ngolwazi lwakho, ngizoqala ukusebenzisa zonke izeluleko zakho, ngibe nomdlwane onenkinga yesikhumba

  11.   Marlene kusho

    I-athikili enhle kakhulu, engivumela ukuthi ngithole ulwazi mayelana neqiniso lokuphakelayo nokondleka okufanele kwama-canines.

  12.   Carmen kusho

    Sawubona Antonio, ngiyithande kakhulu indatshana yakho futhi njengoba uchaza isidingo senja yethu, nginombuzo: amanani owabekayo ngawetafula futhi bekungadingeka ngimnikeze amathathu ngosuku? Noma uma ungacacisa, ngiyabonga kakhulu, ngithemba ukuthi ngizofunda kabanzi ngempilo ye-cocker spaniel yami obe nemidlwane emzimbeni wakhe wonke unyaka manje, unesikhathi esibi kakhulu, lona one-otitis uhlushwa okuningi ukubona ukuthi ngiyamnika yini lokhu kudla, ukubingelela.

  13.   Pepa kusho

    Sawubona, ntambama enhle.
    Ngine-American Bully ejwayelekile futhi unesisindo esingamakhilo angama-37, unakho
    Uneminyaka emithathu ubudala, lapho enezinyanga ezine ubudala, waqala ngezinkinga eminweni nasezindlebeni zakhe, eminweni yakhe ziphuma njengeziphungumangathi, bese zitheleleka, ... udokotela wezilwane umthumelela ama-antibiotics futhi yilokho akususayo kuye.
    Sihlale sishintsha ukudla futhi inkinga iyaqhubeka.
    Umbuzo wami ... ingabe imali oyifaka ngosuku olulodwa?

  14.   Miriam kusho

    Sawubona, sawubona kusihlwa… .Inja yami eyinja yaseSpain ekubeni yingqwele yaseLa Rioja manje njengoba iklwebha futhi idonsa izinwele zayo, ngenxa yobomvu obubodwa emzimbeni wayo futhi nesikhumba sayo siyawa. amahips anezinwele ezinhle kakhulu futhi kusuka ezimbanjeni zakhe anyuke abe muhle .... sengivele ngiphelelwe yithemba angazi ngenzeni ... ngiyabonga

  15.   amathemba ama-grajales kusho

    Ngibonga izeluleko, inja yami ineminyaka engu-10 ubudala, inenkinga yesikhumba, ngazi kanjani ukuthi ngizoba nayo?
    ukunikeza inani lezakhamzimba lapho ulungiselela ukudla okuzenzela ngiyabonga.

  16.   Paola kusho

    Sawubona!! Ukubonisana Nginenja eyi-sharpei enokungezwani komzimba nokudla, isivele ineminyaka engu-1 nohafu ubudala, idla i-royal canin hypollargenico, udokotela wezilwane ungicebisa ukuthi ngipheke inyama yamahhashi ngamathanga ase-Italy, ilambile, mhlawumbe ngiyinika okuncane kakhulu ngingathanda ukuthi angiqondise.