Yini okufanele uyenze uma umdlwane wami uqala ukungiluma

Yini-okufanele ukwenze-uma-umdlwane-wami-uqala-ukungiluma-5

Abantu nezinja yizinhlobo ezimbili ezihluke kakhulu ezazana iminyaka eyizinkulungwane, okwenze isiko elidumile eligcwele izinganekwane ezizungeze isibalo mascotas, okuvame ukusiholela ekwenzeni izincazelo ezinkulu akulungile mayelana nokuziphatha okuthile noma isimilo sesilwane.

Namuhla ngizonikezela le ndatshana ku ukuphatha kahle ukuthi inja yethu iqala ukusiluma

Yini-okufanele ukwenze-uma-umdlwane-wami-uqala-ukungiluma-2

Njengoba sonke singacabanga, amasonto okuqala empilo yenja abaluleke kakhulu empilweni yakhe yonke. Ngivele ngakhuluma ngakho kokuthunyelwe kwangaphambilini, ukuthi babenjani Ukufundisa ngezinga elingokomzwelo: ukucindezeleka emidlwane I y Ukufundisa ezingeni elingokomzwelo: ukucindezeleka emidlwane II, Kodwa-ke, namhlanje ngizonikeza ukujula kwesihloko, ngishintshe ukugxila kancane bese ngiyinika ithoni eqonde ngokwengeziwe futhi ewusizo, ngoba ngizokwenza ngokuchaza isimilo esivame kakhulu enjeni, njengokuluma, futhi impikiswano engokomzwelo onayo ngomdlwane.

Inja yami ixhumana kanjani

Izilwane zomphakathi

Umdlwane ubheke ikhamera.

Izinja, njengabantu, bayizilwane zomphakathi, futhi ukuxhumana nabanye abantu bezinhlobo zabo ngamakhono ama-5 akha ubuhlakani obungokomzwelo besilwane sethu. Lokhu kuhlakanipha okungokomzwelo kuyakhuthazwa ngoba bayimidlwane ngunina, obanikeza imfundo engokomzwelo esebenza njengesiqondisi ukuze umdlwane uthole amathuluzi adingekayo ukuze bakwazi ukusebenzisana nabanye abantu emhlambini.

Umama wabo ubakhuthaza kusukela ezigabeni zabo zokuqala zokukhula, kuqala ngesigaba sabo sokubeletha, lapho kukhonjiswe khona ukuthi ukukhula kombungu kuthonywa uchungechunge lwezinto ezisukela ekunyakazeni kokubuka kuya emazingeni ama-hormone omama, azoxhunyaniswa isimo somqondo nezingcindezi ahlupheka ngazo umama ngesikhathi ekhulelwe, kuya esigabeni sakhe sokubeletha, lapho umama evusa ukuchama nokukhipha isisu ngokuhlanza i-perianal, noma ukuhlangana, okuba yisigaba esibucayi kakhulu emfundweni yenja yakho, ngoba kulapho ukuxhumana neminye imidlwane kudoti kukhula ngamandla futhi kuqinisa umdlalo, kuqala ukuvivinya zonke izinhlobo zezimpendulo ekuhlanganyeleni okwehlukene ezingeni lezenhlalo, ngaleyo ndlela kuqala ukuthuthukisa amakhono ezenhlalo.

Lawa makghono omphakathi avamise ukusungulwa cishe amasonto angu-4-6 ngemuva kokuzalwa.

Izigaba zokuthuthuka kobuntu

IMalcan bulldog

Ocingweni isigaba somphakathi, iqala ukufunda kwabo kwezenhlalo kuzo zonke izici, kusuka emkhakheni wokuziphatha kwe-agonistic (kunjengoba kwaziwa ngokuziphatha kuya ekuziphatheni komphakathi okuhlobene nokulwa ezilwaneni), ekuziphatheni kwabo, ekuziphatheni okunolaka, ekulweni, nokuzithoba, lezo indiza, ngamafuphi, ukubusa kwezenhlalo. Kukhona nokunye okufana nokuzethemba, ukuhlangana nokwakhiwa kwamaqembu ngaphakathi komhlambi okuzothonya, ngokwesibonelo, amaphethini wokuzingela, ukuziphatha kwabo ngokocansi kanye nomqondo wobuzwe ozothuthuka ezigabeni zakamuva.

Kulesi sigaba, kuqala ukusungula ubudlelwano nabanye abantu, kufaka phakathi indoda. Yisikhathi lapho kufanele uqaphele kakhulu, ngoba zithinta kalula.

Singazihlukanisa izigaba ezahlukahlukene inja enazo ekukhuleni kokuziphatha kwayo, ngezigaba eziyi-7 ezihlukene, ezihlukaniswe kahle, ngokukhula nokuvuthwa kwayo. Lezi zigaba yilezi:

  • Ngaphambi kokubeletha (ngaphambi kokuzalwa kwakhe).
  • I-Neonatal (kusuka kumaviki angu-0 kuye kwangu-2).
  • Okwesikhashana (kusuka kumaviki angu-2 kuye kwangu-3).
  • Ukuzijabulisa (kusuka kumaviki angu-3 kuye kwangu-12).
  • Intsha (kusuka ezinyangeni ezi-3 kuye kwezi-8).
  • Abantu abadala (kusuka ezinyangeni ezi-8 kuye kwezi-12).
  • Ukuvuthwa (kusuka eminyakeni engu-1 kuye kwengu-2).

Ngalesi sikhathi, ngokusebenzisa ubudlelwano nabanye abantu bohlobo lwakho nezinye izinhlobo, uzothuthukisa ubuhlakani obungokomzwelo onabo Izobeka isisekelo sobuntu bakho.

Inja yami iwusebenzisela ukuthini umlomo wayo?

Ukuxhumana ngomlomo + Ukuxhumana ngokuthinta

Yini-ongayenza uma-umdlwane wami uqala ukungiluma

Isikhathi esiningi lapho ngibhekene neklayenti, kufanele ngiqonde ukuthi badingani enjeni yabo, okusho ukuthi isikhathi esiningi kusikisela chaza ukuthi inja isebenza kanjani, ukuthi izimilo zayo nokuziphatha kwayo kunjani, okungokwemvelo futhi okungekho. Futhi isikhathi esiningi akulula neze, ngoba iningi lezinkinga esinazo nabangane bethu abanemilenze emine zivela odabeni olulula kakhulu ukuzichaza: siyizinhlobo ezahlukene.

Izinja zingama-canids futhi singama-hominids, okusho ukuthi indlela yethu yokuxhumana nokuveza imizwa yethu yehluke kakhulu, okwenza ukuba kube nobudlelwano kube nzima kakhulu, futhi imvamisa kuyimvelaphi yazo zonke izinhlobo Ukungaqondani okungadingekile.

Sihlukile

Owesifazane oneGold Retriever ensimini.

Kufanele wazi ezinye izici ngombono wami ezithakazelisa kakhulu uma kukhulunywa ngokuhlola lokhu umehluko ekuxhumaneni phakathi kwezinhlobo zethu ezimbili: umuntu nenja.

Abantu bafaka imininingwane emyalezweni esiwuthumela komunye umuntu lapho sifuna ukuxhumana naye bukhoma, ezimotweni ezimbili, eyodwa ngamazwi nangezinye izenzo. Lapho sifuna ukuveza okuthile kothile, sithambekele ekubekeni imininingwane yalowo mlayezo ngama-40% kwisici somlomo, bese kuthi ama-60% kwisici sokuthinta.

Inja yehluke kakhulu kulesi sici, ngoba i-99% yolwazi ifakwa ngaphakathi komyalezo kwisici sayo sokuthinta futhi yi-1% kuphela enkambisweni yezwi. Futhi lokhu kwenzelwa ukusinda ngokuphelele, njengoba kubenza bakwazi ukuhlaziya abantu abanobungozi nezingozi ngendlela engokwemvelo.

Kubantu ama-prima njalo imininingwane oyithumela ngendiza yokuthinta, lokhu kubaluleke kakhulu kunesici somlomo somlayezo ezimweni eziningi. Ukubeka isibonelo esisheshayo: uhlala nomlingani wakho egumbini, kusehlobo, kuyashisa kakhulu futhi ubeka umoya opholile ngamandla agcwele. Ubuka umaqondana wakho kanti futhi uyazigona futhi uzihlikihla kube sengathi uzokwengeza ukushisa komzimba. Uyambuka bese uyambuza, ingabe uyagodola? Futhi uthi cha, kodwa ulokhu enza isenzo esifanayo… ungakukholwa lokho? Noma isenzo sokubandayo singaba esibaluleke kakhulu kuwe kunalokho akutshela sona ngokuzwakalayo?

Inja ibingakwazi ukukuveza kanjena, ngoba inja, lapho ibhekene nomuzwa wokubandayo, ibingakuveza ngqo ngokuqhaqhazela, ingakwazi noma ifune ukuguqula noma ifanele ingxenye yomlayezo.

Into ebalulekile ongayithinta

Ukuphathwa kokudla kwezinja

Okwabantu, thinta, umuzwa wokuthinta ubaluleke kakhulu. Ngezandla zethu senza konke, siyimoto yokukhuthaza nokukhuluma kanye nenye yezimpawu zomzimba eziyinhloko, ngaphandle kwalokho, ubuntu abungeke bube yilokho okuyikho.

Izandla ziyasivumela ukuxhumana nomhlaba osendizeni ephathekayo, thinta abanye abantu kanye nabantu bezinye izinhlobo, uphathe amathuluzi, izinto, uveze imizwa nemizwelo, uvikele, uhlasele, njll.

Abantu ngokuvamile abakuqapheli ukubaluleka kokuthinta, lokho kungenye yezinzwa zethu eziyisisekelo, futhi ukuphela kwaso ongeke uphile ngaphandle kwaso, ngoba kuyilungu lezinzwa elinethonya elingenakuphikwa noma ukunganakwa.

Yize umuzwa wokuthinta uhlanganisa wonke umzimba wethu, sivame ukugxila kuwo ezandleni, kube yinto ejwayelekile kakhulu kubantu ukuhlaziya izinto ngokuthinta. Kungakho izandla zinesimo esifanayo emizimbeni yethu naleso samehlo, impumulo, izindlebe noma ulimi, njengoba kuyingxenye yomzimba wethu esivame ukufuna nokwamukela ulwazi ngawo.

Njengoba esitshela UTomás Ortiz Alonso, USolwazi-Umqondisi we UMnyango Wezokwelapha Nezengqondo. Isikhundla Sezokwelapha seComplutense University yaseMadrid:

Ukuthinta kuyindlela yokuqala yokuxhumana phakathi kukamama nengane.

Ngokuthintana nesikhumba sikanina, ingane ithwebula ukunyakaza kwayo futhi izwa imizwa ayinikezayo. Ezinsukwini zokuqala zokuphila, omama nobaba bangazibona izingane zabo ngokuphulula isihlathi noma isandla sengane. Kulezi zikhathi zokuqala zokuphila, ukuthinta nakho kubaluleke kakhulu ekukhuleni ngokomzwelo kwengane nengane, ngenxa yalesi sizathu futhi ngenxa yethonya ezinqubweni zengqondo zakamuva, kuyadingeka ukuthi abazali bahlakulele ukuzwela okuthintekayo ezinganeni zabo kusukela bezalwa .

Ukuzwela kokuthinta kukhulisa izimpendulo zengane emvelweni. Empeleni, ocwaningweni olwenziwe nezinsana kutholakale ukuthi ukuphululwa ngomusa kuholela ekutheni izingane zimamatheke futhi zinake kakhulu ubuso bomuntu omdala. Lapho nje izingane zikwazi ukucosha izinto, ukuthinta kuba yindawo ebaluleke kakhulu, lapho bezuza khona ulwazi oluvela emvelweni.


Isitho esilingana nezandla zomuntu enjeni yethu ngumlomo.
Ngayo uxhumana nomhlaba ngendlela ecishe ifane nalokho thina bantu esikwenza ngezandla zethu. Badlala nabo, bayakhotha, bawashe, bayaphulula, bayazivikela, baveze imizwa nemizwa yabo, bathathe izinto, bajuluke (bakhiphe ukushisa emzimbeni wabo) futhi-ke, bayadla baphuze. Umlomo wenja yethu ubaluleke kakhulu kuye, ulingana noma ungaphezu kwethu ezandleni zethu. Cabanga ngalokhu lapho ufaka isifonyo kuso.

Thinta inja yami

Inja iyagxuma.

Akuwona wonke umuzwa wokuthinta inja osemlonyeni noma endaweni eseduze, kepha futhi unawo lowo mqondo othuthukiswe ku izinyawo, umgogodla, nezinsila zomsila.

Ukuthinta kungumqondo wokuqala ukuthi izinja ziyakhula, futhi kuyabasiza ukuxhumana nonina futhi bathole ugqozi oluvela kuye kusukela esigabeni sabo sokubeletha. Umama kuzoshukumisa umdlwane osanda kuzalwa, ngokuphulula nangokukhotha.

Iqala kanjalo i- ukuhlangana kwenja ngokuxhumana nonina nabafowabo, ukuxhumana okusemqoka ekukhuleni okulungile nokwakheka okulungile kanye nokukhula komlingiswa wakhe.

Kunesifo esikhombisa kahle kakhulu isidingo sothando lomama ezinjeni nasebantwini, esibizwa kanjalo UMarasmus ongokomzwelo. Lesi sifo singenxa yokungaxhumani kwengane noma umdlwane nonina. Ngikushiya lapha incazelo yentatheli UMaria Victoria Masi, okwenza kucace bha:

Imarasmus, Kuyisifo esinesici-ngokomzwelo, esithinta izingane ezingakwazi ukusungula ubudlelwane bezinto, uma kwenzeka ingathathwa ngesikhathi (ikwazi ukuqala kabusha umsebenzi othinta omama) ingane iyafa, lokhu kwenzeka ngemuva kwesikhathi esiqhubekayo sokuwohloka kwengqondo nomzimba, lapho ingane ifaka kuyo yonke intukuthelo yayo, ngokungakwazi ibeke ngaphandle.

Ngaphakathi kukadoti, inja izosebenzisana ngokuthinta namanye amalungu ayenzayo. Ukuthinta kokuthinta kokuqala azokulawula njengoba ekhula kuyaluma.

Inja yami iyangiluma

Izindlela zokuxoxa

Yini-okufanele ukwenze-uma-umdlwane-wami-uqala-ukungiluma-1

Ukuthi inja yakho ekulumayo ikulume, zisuka nje akuyona noma yiluphi uhlobo lwe-pathology noma indlela yokuziphatha engajwayelekile, kuyinto ejwayelekile ngokuphelele, ngoba inja yethu ijwayele ukusebenzisa umlomo wayo ukuhlola nokufunda, futhi kuyinto engokwemvelo ngaphakathi komjikelezo wabo wokufunda. Vele, okushiwo ukuluma akufani kubo nakithi.

Emhlabeni wobudlelwano babantu, ukuluma kuyinto eveza uthando oluningi lapho uveza umuzwa, kungaba umuzwa wothando noma wentukuthelo. Lo mqondo usenza sibone isenzo sokuluma njengento enamandla kakhulu, okuyindlela esivame ukuyibona ngayo ebudlelwaneni bethu. Amazinyo axhunyaniswa ngemicu yezinzwa noxhumano lwe-neural lobuchopho bethu, okwenza zixhumane kakhulu ne- imizwelo yethu.

Lokhu, kanye nokumelana okukhulu namandla omzimba engxenyeni yenja yethu, kusho ukuthi lapho isiluma, singakuzwa njengento enolaka noma enobudlova kithi. Futhi noma yini ekude neqiniso.

Njengemidlwane, inja iluma ukuhlola nokuthola umhlaba, nokuzihlanganisa nokuxhumana nabanye. Ekukhuleni kwayo ngokomzwelo, inja ifuna ukuzizwa ihlangene nomama wayo, abafowabo noma wena, ngokuxhumana okukhulu, okusebenzisela umlomo namazinyo, ukukuluma, okuyinto kuphela engayisebenzisa kulesi sigaba sayo ukuthuthuka ukuveza uthando ngokuthi yini ngaye into esondele kakhulu ku-caress. Akukho okudlula lokho.

Umbuzo olandelayo kulula ukuwuqagela: Y kuthiwani uma ingiluma kanzima,U-Antonio?

Ake sikubone…

Lapho izinja ziluma zize zilimale

Yini-okufanele ukwenze-uma-umdlwane-wami-uqala-ukungiluma-3

Kufanele sicabange ngento enengqondo kakhulu: kuyinto eyodwa ukuthi injana yethu yenja isisiphulule ngomlomo wayo ukusikhombisa uthando nothando, kanti enye usilimaze. Lokho kucace bha.

Umdlwane uzosiphulula ngomlomo, usikhothe bese udlala usiluma ngendlela emnene futhi ngaphandle kokuqina ngokomzwelo, lapho sizwa khona amazinyo ethu ngaphandle kokulimala emzimbeni. Sinquma ukuthi ukuqina kangakanani ukuthi sifuna ukwamukela.

Lapho inja iluma unina noma izingane zakwabo, kuyindlela yokuhlola imikhawulo, uma ikhona, ekhona ngaphakathi kwalelo qembu. Lapho inja iluma umama wayo kanzima, uyayicindezela ngokubuyisela ulaka ngentukuthelo, ngaleyo ndlela abeke umkhawulo umdlwane awuqondayo, ngokususelwa ekuphindaphindweni, ukuthi kukanjani ukuluma okwamukelwa emphakathini, nokuthi yini okuthathwa njengolaka. Le yindlela ye- Isikhundla.

Lapho lo mdlwane ofanayo uluma abafowabo futhi ubalimaza, bayamhlasela, babuyise ulaka ngentukuthelo, okuwumzwelo wemvelo kakhulu, ngasikhathi sinye abayeke ukudlala ngaye, futhi bangamnaki kunoma yimuphi umsebenzi. Umdlwane kuzofanele ufunde ukulawula amandla ngokuluma kwakhe ukuze amukelwe yiqembu futhi azizwe enamathele kulo, okungenye yezisusa ezinkulu kakhulu zezinja, njengezilwane zomphakathi eziyizo, okungukuthi uzizwe wamukelekile futhi uhlanganisiwe eqenjini.

Thina bantu senza into efanayo, sihlukanisa nabantu abanolaka eqenjini noma emphakathini, kunoma yiluphi uhlobo lwesiteji kwezenhlalo nezomnotho-ngamasiko. Kuphakathi nehhovisi noma egcekeni lesikole.

Yini engingayenza ukufundisa inja yami uma ingiluma kanzima

Izinja ezimbili zikhonkotha.

Lapho inja yethu iwumdlwane, izosebenzisana nathi njengoba ibizokwenza nomama wayo noma nanoma yiliphi ilungu lodoti wayo, njengoba ngichazile ngaphambili. Ngaphakathi kwalobo budlelwane kuzoba nokuxhumana, lapho kufanele sinqume ukuthi imingcele ikuphi nokwazi ukuthi ungazidlulisa kanjani, ngaphandle kodlame nangaphandle kwengcindezelo, kuhlala kukuhle njalo. Ukugxila odabeni olusondele, ukubeka imingcele enjeni ngokwalokho ekulumayo kunengqondo futhi kuyadingeka kakhulu emfundweni yesilwane, ukuze ukuhlangana nayo kube nokuzola.

Ukuze wenze lokhu, kumele simfundise esemncane ukuvimbela ukuluma, futhi ngale ndlela, lahla izinkinga ezizayo. Ukufundisa inja ukuvimbela ukuluma kwayo lapho inja ingumdlwane kulula.

Uma sidlala naye, ngokushesha lapho amazinyo akhe esifaka ingcindezi sibheka ukuthi kuphume kulokhu esikufunayo, sizothi cha, siqinile futhi siqinile, futhi sizoyeka ukunaka, ukudonsa kude futhi ungakunaki. Lokho kulingana nokuthi umama wakho ukwenzelani ukukubekela umkhawulo.

Uma inja yakho indala kunonyaka owodwa futhi ikuluma izandla, izinyawo noma okokugqoka okuqinile, kumele uye kochwepheshe kwimfundo ye-canine, ukukusiza uqonde futhi uguqule indlela abaziphatha ngayo, uma kunesidingo.

Ake siphinde

Inja isebenzisa umlomo wayo kokunye okungaphezu kokudla noma ukuluma, ibuye isebenzise ukuxhumana. Kuya ngathi nangemfundo ukuthi sidlulisa, ngokubeka imingcele, ngaphandle kodlame noma ubudlova, ukuthi umdlwane wethu uyazi kanjani futhi nini, futhi ngaphezu kwakho konke ukuthi usebenzisa muphi amandla,

Sanibonani futhi ngiyabonga kakhulu ngokungifunda. Uma unemibuzo, ungangibuza imibono ye-athikili.

Sobonana kungekudala futhi unakekele izinja zakho.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.