Izinhlobo zezinja zase-Afrika

Inja yokuzala yase-Afrika

I-Afrika ibonakala ngokuba yizwekazi elitelekayo, elingabangelwa nje kuphela isiko namasiko alo, kodwa futhi nangenxa yezitshalo nezilwane ezahlukahlukene elinazo. Futhi lapho kukhulunywa ngezilwane zase-Afrika, kujwayelekile ukucabanga masinyane ngezinhlobo ezingavamile ezivelele kuleli zwekazi, kufaka phakathi: amabhubesi, izindlulamithi, obhejane, izindlovu nezimvubu.

Kodwa-ke, izwekazi lase-Afrika liphinde laba yindawo yokuzalwa yezinhlobo ezahlukahlukene zezinja ezihlukile ngokwendlela ezibukeka ngayo nangobunjalo bazo. Futhi yingakho ngale ndatshana sizokwethula i- uhlu ngezinhlobo eziningana zezinja zase-Afrika eyaziwa kakhulu emhlabeni jikelele.

Uhlu lwezinja zase-Afrika

1. IBasenji

Izinhlobo zezinja zaseBasenji

Kuyinja ekhethekile ngezizathu ezahlukene. Ngaphandle kokuba phakathi kwezinja ezithandwa kakhulu e-Afrika emhlabeni jikelele, kubhekwa futhi njenge Uhlobo oludala lwenja olukhona ngokusho kophenyo lwesayensi oluqhathanisa ukuhlaziywa kwe-genomic kwezinhlobo ezingaba ngu-161 zamanje zohlobo lwe-canine. Ngokufanayo, izuze udumo olukhulu, ikakhulukazi eminyakeni yamuva, ngoba wuhlobo lwenja olukhonkotha kancane.

Kepha ngaphandle kokuthula nokuba nesimo esinamahloni, lolu hlobo luvame ukukhipha umsindo ohlukile ongafani nokhonkolo olujwayelekile lwe-canine, kepha uhlobo lokuhleka. Ngokulinganayo, Iqinile kakhulu maqondana nenhlanzeko yakho, ngakho-ke inemikhuba yokuzilungisa efana naleyo ye-felines.

2. IGreyhound azawakh

El greyhound azawakh Iphakathi kwezinhlobo zama-greyhound avela ezwenikazi lase-Afrika futhi yize kungaziwa kangako ngemvelaphi yawo, ukuzalwa kwayo kuvame ukubangelwa yisifunda saseMali, eningizimu yehlane laseSahara. Phambilini bebeyizinja okuthi ngemuva kokufuywa, zaqhubeka nokwamukelwa njengohlobo oluthile lwetelezi phakathi kwesizwe esihle samaTuareg; Kungakho-ke, emakhulwini ambalwa eminyaka, lolu hlobo lwahlala lodwa ngaphakathi kwaleyo ndawo yase-Afrika, lwafinyelela ezwenikazi laseYurophu kuphela ngawo-70.

3. Rhodesian Ridgeback

I-Rhodesian ridgeback noma inja ye-rhodesian ridgeback

Kuze kube manje, i- Ummango waseRhodesia Yiyo kuphela inja evela eNingizimu Afrika eyaziwa yi-International Cynological Federation (FCI). Isikhathi eside, izinhlobo zalolu hlobo zazaziwa ngokuthi "inja yengonyama”Futhi namhlanje kungenzeka ngokufanayo ukuthola izinkomba eziningi ezinegama lazo lesiNgisi: Rhodesian Ridgeback. Kufanele kushiwo ukuthi leli gama elithile libhekisele enhlokweni ehlukile yezinwele eziguquliwe izinja zalolu hlobo ezinazo emhlane wazo.

Ziqukethe izinja ezinkulu, imisipha ethuthukile nemizimba evulekile, edinga ukuvivinya umzimba nsuku zonke ukuze ikwazi ukusebenzisa wonke amandla ayo. Bajwayele ukuba izinja ezethembeke ngokwedlulele nabanakekeli babo, yize kungenzeka ukuthi bagcinwe kancane phambi kwabantu abangabazi. Ngokusebenzelana okuhle kwasekuqaleni, bayakwazi ukufunda ukuxoxa ngendlela enhle hhayi kuphela ngezinye izinja, kepha nangabantu futhi nangazo zonke ezinye izinto nezikhuthazo ezingaphakathi kwemvelo yazo.

4. ICoton de tulear

El ICoton de Tulear Kubonakala ngokuba uhlobo lwe-canine lwase-Afrika oluvela esiqhingini saseMadagascar, ngqo kusuka ethekwini ledolobha laseTuléar. Akungabazeki, isici sayo esihluke kakhulu ijazi laso eliminyene, ithambile futhi imhlophe okuthi, ngenxa yokufana kwayo nokotini, yenze ukuthi ithole igama elithi "coton" (igama lesiFulentshi elisho "ukotini"). Ngokunjalo, kuyinja encane enomzimba omude kancane kunokude; Inomlingiswa othanda ukuzijabulisa, othobekile futhi ojabulayo, yingakho zithandwa kakhulu njengezilwane ezihambisana nazo, ziba izinja zomndeni ezinhle kakhulu.

5. IBoerboel noma i-African Bulldog

Kugqama ukuba yinja yohlobo lwe-molosser evame ukwaziwa ngokulinganayo emhlabeni jikelele ngaphansi kwegama le- I-berboel yase-Afrika, i-bulldog yase-Afrika noma i-mastiff yaseNingizimu Afrika. Mayelana nokuthuthuka kwayo, kungashiwo ukuthi kukholakala ukuthi iGreat Dane, i-bullmastiff kanye ne-bullensbeisser (i-canine edabuka eJalimane njengamanje engasekho) yasetshenziswa.

Kuyinja engazeleleki futhi idinga abanakekeli abanesipiliyoni, abanesineke nolwazi oluqondile ukuze bakwazi ukuyifundisa ngendlela efanele. Kuyinja elinganiselayo futhi ehlakaniphile evamise ukuphendula kahle kwimfundo enhle.

6. Ama-Afrika

inja egama lingu-Africanis

Luhlobo lwenja yaseNingizimu Afrika, lapho lwaziwa khona ne- amagama amaHottentot, amaBantu, amaKhoikhol namaZulu. Kodwa-ke, kufanele kuthiwe "ama-africanis" uqobo asetshenziswa kakhulu eningizimu ye-Afrika ukuze kubhekiswe kuzo zonke izinja ezivela kuleso sifunda.

Yinja enesilinganiso esiphakathi nendawo, enomzimba omude okuncane kunokuphakama kwayo futhi imvamisa inemisipha ekhule kahle; Inengubo ewugqinsi futhi emfishane engaba nemibala ehlukene futhi, ngezikhathi ezithile, isibalo esihlukile esinenja yaseRhodesia kwamanye amakhophi alolu hlobo singaziswa. Ziqukethe izinja ezizacile, ezisebenzayo futhi ezisheshayo, yingakho badinga umsebenzi omningi wokuzivocavoca umzimba ukuze bakwazi ukusebenzisa amandla abo nokuthuthukisa isimilo esifanelekile.

7. USaluki

Ebizwa nangokuthi i-Persian greyhound noma inja yasebukhosini yaseGibhithe, luhlobo lwasendulo ngempela, olungaba nesifanekiso esidala kunazo zonke esikhona emndenini oqukethe ama-greyhound noma ama-sirstounds. Imvelaphi yalolu hlobo ayiqinisekile, yize i-FCI ivamise kukhomba kutsi ivela eMiddle East, khona-ke kutsi kudalwa kwaloluhlobo kuvame kuhlanganiswa nemave ase-Arab, ikakhulu ne-Iran.

Kodwa-ke, izithombe ezicacile zikaSaluki zitholakale emangcwabeni aseGibhithe kusukela ngonyaka ka-2100 BC. futhi, njengoba igama layo elidumile liphakamisa, abakwaSaluki bazithola bexhumene nezikhulu zaseGibhithe. Ngakho-ke kungenzeka ukuthi inezimpande zase-Afrika nezama-Arabhu, futhi isiko layo likhombisa ukuthi zinganikezwa kuphela njengezipho. Kunezinhlobonhlobo ezi-2, iSaluki enezinwele ezimfishane nalezo ezinezinwele ezinde, eyokugcina yizinhlobonhlobo ezaziwa kakhulu.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.