Umlando Wemboni Yokudla Kwezilwane

umlando-wemboni-yokudla kwezilwane (2)

Namuhla ngizobhekana nesihloko esishisayo, okungenani ngombono wami. Umsuka nomlando wemboni yokudla kwezinja, kanye nezinhlelo zabo zokukhiqiza, indawo lapho bathola khona lezi zinto ezingavuthiwe noma ukuthi kungani ukudla kwenja kuwufanele amanani abanawo, kufanele kube yimibuzo esizibuza yona uma sifuna ngempela ukuba nenja yethu iphilile.

Njengoba ngishilo kwezinye izikhathi, uma sikholwa kumusho othi: `` Siyikho esikudlayo '',Iyini inja yethu uma idla ukudla kwelebula elimhlophe okungama-20 no-20 kilos?. Lapho nginentshisekelo ngendaba, ngiqala ukuthuthumela. Yini engangikondla abangane bami abakhulu? ... futhi izimpendulo zazingemnandi ...

Ngikushiya nalesi sifushane Umlando Wemboni Yezokudla Kwezilwane. Bamba esihlalweni lapho ijika lokufunda, kuzoba kuhle.

umlando-wemboni-yokudla kwezilwane (1)

Umsuka Wemboni.

Uhlobo lokuqala lokudla kwenja

Kunomehluko omkhulu, phakathi kwalokho esicabanga ukuthi imboni yokudla kwezinja iyikho nalokho okuyikho ngempela, ingasaphathwa eyomkhonyovu omkhulu omele umthengi, okholelwa ukuthi bathenga ukudla okulinganiselayo nokunomsoco okwenzelwe izidingo izidingo zesilwane sakho, ukuthenga ngempela, umthombo ongapheli wezinkinga kuye nakwinja yakhe.

Ngo-1860, ukudla kokuqala okwenzelwe izinja ngokukhethekile yadalwa ngogesi waseMelika, UJames spratt ngubani owalungisa "ikhekhe lezinja" - elenziwe ngokolweni, imifino kanye negazi le-veal. Ezinye izinkampani zilandele futhi ukudla kwezinja kubhakwe ngamabele Bangene emakethe yokudla okufuywayo, phambilini ebiphethwe ngababhusha.

Kusukela kula mashumi eminyaka okuqala wokuba khona komkhiqizo, inzuzo ephezulu ibivele ifunwa (njengakuzo zonke izinkampani) futhi abakhiqizi bathola ukuthi kushibhile futhi kulula kakhulu ukugcina okuphakelayo okususelwa kumabele naku-cereal. Lokhu kubangela uhlobo lokudla lapho ukudla kwesilwane kwakusekelwe ekushintsheni, kulokho elikudinga ngempela, kufinyelele kwizinga lezimboni elimakwe wukufuna inzuzo ephezulu kakhulu ngezindleko zanoma yini, ngisho nokukhohlisa umthengi.

Ngawo-30, kwaqaliswa ukudla kwenja eyomile, ngokudla kwenyama yenkampani Ama-Gaines
Inkampani Yezokudla. Izinkampani ezifana I-Nabisco, i-Quaker Oats kanye ne-General Foods, imakethe yokudla okufuywayo evelayo imele ithuba lokumaketha imikhiqizo engenamsebenzi njengemithombo engenisa imali. Okusho ukuthi, konke obekufanele bakulahle ngaphambili ngoba bebengakwazi ukukumaketha nganoma iyiphi indlela, manje bekuyinzuzo emsulwa.

Kuthengiswa ngenzuzo enkulu yokuthamba kokungadingi ukuphekela isilwane, okusanhlamvu kufakwe ikakhulu iresiphi yesidlo emabhola, Benze umkhiqizo onedethi yokuphela kwesikhathi eside kakhulu, futhi enikeze nomthombo oshibhile wamandla ngama-carbohydrate, yize iphikisana ngokuphelele nezidingo zomzimba zenja yamaprotheni ezilwane nama-enzyme aphilayo ngokudla kwayo okulungile.

Ngo-1960, abenzi bokudla bathi imikhiqizo yabo inikela ngekhwalithi enhle ngoba bayayisebenzisa okusanhlamvu nemikhiqizo kadoti wenyama obekungafanele ukusetshenziswa ngabantu, okungazwakali kahle. Yize babona ukuthi inyama nemifino emisha bekungukudla okuhle kakhulu, Abakhiqizi bokudla bathi amakati nezinja zingondliwa ngokushibhile emikhiqizweni kadoti wasefektri bese bephilile. Abasebenza emishini baqhubeka nokuba nemakethe enhle yemikhiqizo yabo yokusanhlamvu, kuyilapho amadela athola imakethe yemikhiqizo yabo engenamsebenzi yenyama ngakho-ke wonke umuntu wayejabule. Ngaphandle kwakho nenja yakho kunjalo.

Qedela Ukudla

Ngama-70s asangene, ukusebenziseka kalula kokudla kwenja okuhlanganisiwe kwaba yinto yokuqala edayiselwa umphakathi.
Okuphakelayo kwakushesha kakhulu, futhi kuhlanzekile kunokukubeka ekuphekeni, nasekuhlanzeni konke ukungcola okondla izinja ukudla okuphekwe ngabaninizo.
Izinkampani zokudla kwezilwane ezifuywayo Basungula ilebula le-Complete Food, abatshele ngayo umthengi ukuthi lokhu kudla kuthwala konke abakudingayo ngenja yabo, futhi baqala ukuthumela umyalezo wokuthi ukudla okwenziwe ngezinja kuyingozi futhi kuyingozi kubo, ngaphandle kokubiza kakhulu. Ngokuphakelayo sasingekho isidingo sokubanika enye into, akukho zithasiselo zokudla noma ukudla amavithamini noma okunye okunjalo. Okuphakelayo bekuhamba phambili, i-canine panacea.

UCarlos Alberto Gutierrez, i-canine isazi sokudla kanye nodokotela wezilwane, Usitshela ngokudla okukhethekile kokuthengiswa okukhethekile kodokotela bezilwane, encwadini yakhe "Iqiniso Elilihlazo Lokudla Kwezinja".

Ukudla okukhethekile okwenzelwe izifo ezithile noma izinkinga ezifuywayo kuyethulwa - izidlo ezikhethekile zazikhona (futhi zisekhona) izikhathi eziningi kunokudla okufanayo okuhlukile kwephakeji ehlukile.
Ukwethulwa kokudla okukhethekile okucatshangelwa ukondliwa kwesilwane njengokuyinkimbinkimbi, futhi ngokukhombisa kwakhombisa abantu ukuthi kufanele balalele izeluleko zezilwane zabo kunokusebenzisa ingqondo. Ukuthenga ukudla kwenja kunwetshwe kusuka ezitolo ezinkulu kuya emitholampilo yezilwane.

Kukhona umhlanganyeli odingekayo ekutholeni umbono wokwenza okulungile lapho uthengela inja yethu ama-pellets kunjani ukudla odokotela bezilwane. Bayakutshela ukuthi into enempilo kakhulu enjeni ukuphakelwa futhi uyithatha kalula ngoba ngudokotela wezilwane okutshela. Ngiyaxolisa ukukutshela ukuthi akunjalo. Udokotela wezilwane akaqeqeshiwe njengongoti wezokudla we-canine, Njengo-Oseopata, akudingeki ukuthi yazi ukuthi yikuphi ukudla okunempilo kakhulu kumuntu. Uzoba nemibono kuphela.

Lapho sondla inja yethu sikuthatha kalula ukuthi ukudla kwethu kufanele nabo, futhi kuyafana kwenzeka kudokotela wezilwane ongeyena umsoco we-canine.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, lapho ngihlangana nodokotela wezilwane futhi angithengisela ngentshiseko ubuhle bokudla kwezilwane, ukuthi kukhulisa kanjani impilo yenja, ukuyondla ngendlela elinganiselayo, njll, njll, ngihlala ngibabuza umbuzo ofanayo:

Uma iphilile, kungani ungadli okuphakelayo kwakho?

Impendulo yalo mbuzo imvamisa ukuthula.

Manje konke sekuyiPrimiyamu

Ngama-80s, athengiswa njengokudla okunomsoco okwengeziwe futhi enikeza amafomula ahlukahlukene kuzo zonke izigaba zokuphila, iningi lokudla kwe- "premium" lisasebenzisa izindinganiso ezindala - okusanhlamvu okuningi, ama-carbohydrate amaningi, inyama encane, namaprotheni amancane.

Ngama-90s, ulwazi mayelana nokuphakelayo nezinsumansumane ezimnyama ngalo lwaqala ukuvela. Ngesikhathi lapho abantu beqala ukwazi ukuthi badla nokuthi kubaluleke kangakanani ezimpilweni zabo, baba nentshisekelo ekudleni kwenja yabo. Lokhu kwaholela ekudleni okubizwa nge- "Whole Grains", futhi abakhiqizi baqala ukukhuthaza izithako ezithile (njengokusanhlamvu okuphilayo) ukuthi zazilungele abantu ukwedlula ukunakekela izinja zazo. Futhi-ke cishe konke ukudla "okuphelele" kwakusasuselwa ezinhlamvini zokudla okusanhlamvu nama-carbohydrate, nokuthi bebengapheleleNgokombono wenja noma ikati, baphuma baya ezimakethe nasezitolo zezilwane ngenhloso yokuba isilwane sakho esihamba phambili. Ukukhohlisa ngokuqondile.

Futhi injani imboni manje u-Antonio?

Yebo, izinto ziyaqhubeka ngokuya ngokuya zifana nasekuqaleni kwekhulu leminyaka, ngoba yize imakethe yokudla kwezinja iguquka, ukudla okufanayo kwesilwane kusenziwa ngezinto zokusetshenziswa ezicutshungulwe ngokweqile. Iningi lokudla kwesilwane okuvamile kwanamuhla kusenezinhlamvu ezingaphezu kuka-50% nama-carbohydrate acishe abe maningi. Ingabe okuphakelayo kwanamuhla kunempilo kunakuqala? Singasho ukuthi kuyafana, kepha ngokumaketha okuningi ngaphezulu.

Ngokwe-White Paper yalo mkhiqizo Umpetha Ukudla:

Yize abathengi banamuhla befunde kakhulu futhi bazi kakhulu izithako zokudla kusuka izilwane ezifuywayo - abantu abaningi abazi ngezinyathelo ezibalulekile zekhwalithi yokudla njengenani lama-carbohydrate ekudleni kwesilwane, futhi angazi ukuthi ungalinquma kanjani ikhwalithi ye- amaprotheni noma amafutha. Izinhlamvu zithathwa njengezinempilo kubantu, futhi ukudla kwesilwane esomile bekulokhu kwenziwa ngezinhlamvu - izizathu ezimbili eziyinhloko zokuthi kungani abathengi bemukela okusanhlamvu njengengxenye yokudla kwezilwane ezifuyiwe. Izinhlamvu bezilokhu zikhona, ngakho-ke azivame ukubuzwa.

Lapho bebuzwa ukuthi ngabe okusanhlamvu namakhabohayidrethi kufanele izinja namakati abo, abathengi abaningi bathola ukuthi abayona ingxenye yokudla kwemvelo kwe-canine noma kwe-feline. Ngaphandle kwentuthuko yemakethe enconywe ngodokotela wezilwane "nokudla okuphelele," ukudla akukashintshi kangako eminyakeni engama-40 edlule. Ukudla kwesilwane okujwayelekile kusenziwa yizinkampani ezifanayo futhi kusenamaprotheni amancane, kuphakeme ama-carbohydrate, futhi kwenziwa ngamaphesenti aphezulu wezinhlamvu (lokhu kuyiqiniso ikakhulukazi ekudleni kwezilwane). Njengoba umlando ukhombisile, abenzi bokudla kwezilwane zasekhaya bazokhiqiza ukudla okwenzelwe ikakhulukazi ngokubukeka kwabo engqondweni kubathengi. Lokhu ngokuvamile kwenzeka ngezindleko eziphansi futhi kube lula kakhulu, kunokuba kwenziwe ukudla okufanele izinja namakati. 

Ngakho-ke, siqhubeka ngokufana noma sibi kakhulu kunasekuqaleni kwekhulu leminyaka, ngokudla kwezilwane ezifuywayo okususelwa kokudla okusanhlamvu nasemikhiqizweni yomkhakha wokudla komuntu, ngamazinga aphezulu ama-carbohydrate namazinga aphansi wamaprotheni amafutha nezilwane. Lokho kungezwe kwikhwalithi ephansi yezinto ezisetshenzisiwe lapho zitholakala khona, zenza inani lokudla okunempilo kokuphakelayo kwezinja (namakati), kungaluleki ngokubuka komsoco wezilwane zethu, ngoba kuzozidalela izinkinga eziningi kune enye into. Esihlokweni esedlule ngikhulume ngalesi sihloko, ku Izinja nokucindezela kokudla.

Umbuzo othusa kakhulu akukhona ukuthi okuphakelayo kwezimboni abasithengisela kona kubi, kusuka kunoma yikuphi ukubukwa noma ukuthi asazi ukuthi bayasidayisela. Umbuzo obaluleke ngempela ngombono wami ukuthi basikhohlisa kanjani, njengezinkampani zokudla emkhakheni wezilwane, wephula ngokuhlelekile ubudlelwano phakathi komkhiqizi namakhasimende ngemikhankaso yokukhangisa esebenzisa imizwa ukusikhonkoshela isaka lokuthile okufanele libe nomsoco enja yethu, ngoba yilokho elikubeka ephaketheni, kuze kufike ku-93 eu ngamakhilo ayi-15 futhi nokho akuyona enye into ukukhuluma ngokudla okunempilo, ukuthi umthombo ongapheli wezinkinga zempilo yesilwane sethu.

Futhi njengoba sengikutshele ukuthi kanjani, ngizokutshela ukuthi ngubani.

umlando-wemboni-yokudla kwezilwane (1)

Abakhiqizi Bomkhiqizo

Uma sibheka isitsha sokudla kwenja, sibona ezithombeni zezinyama ezihlanzekile ezibomvu, imifino emisha, okusanhlamvu kakolweni noma ukolweni, inkukhu ... ngiyakhumbula ukuthi ngangizibuza kanjani ngisengumntwana lapho ngibheka okuphakelayo: Futhi leyo steak yaba kanjani Kulesi siga esinganuki njengenyama noma inkukhu noma yini edliwayo ekude?

Lezi zithombe zikwenza kucace ukuthi yini abakhiqizi bokudla kwezinja abafuna ukuthi sicabanga ukuthi yilokho okudliwa yinja yethu lapho ibanika umkhiqizo wabo. Abezindaba, ngemikhankaso yokukhangisa eyenziwe kahle, egcwele izikhangiso zezinja ezijabulayo ezigijima mahhala ngenkathi amabhola okuphakelayo entanta emoyeni, yiwona afake kithi umqondo wokuthi into enhle kakhulu yezinja zethu ukuzinika lokho engicabanga ukuthi . Futhi leso isithombe abakhiqizi bokuphakela abafuna ukuthi usibone futhi usikholwe.

Ngokusho kuka-Eva Martin ekhasini elithi Canine Food.com:

Okungaziwa ngabathengi abaningi ukuthi imboni yokudla kwezilwane iyisandiso sezinketho zokudla kwabantu kanye nezimboni zezolimo. Ukudla kwezilwane kuyindlela elula yokulahla isidumbu, okusanhlamvu okuthathwa ngokuthi "akulungele ukusetshenziswa kwabantu," nemikhiqizo efanayo kadoti ephenduka inzuzo. Lokhu kudoti kufaka amathumbu, amabele, amakhanda, izinselo, nezingxenye zezilwane okungenzeka zigula futhi zinomdlavuza.

Kepha obani oshaka abakhulu kule mboni? Obani abakhiqizi bokudla kwezinja zethu? ... bambelela, amajika eza ...

Ngiphendukela ku-Eva Martin ekhasini elithi Alimentacion Canina.com, lapho abhala khona indatshana ebanzi isihloko esibizwa ngokuthi Ukudla okunempilo kwezifuywayo zethu?. Kule ndatshana uveza ukuthi obani ubuso bemboni:

Imakethe yokudla kwezilwane ezifuywayo ibuswa eminyakeni eyedlule ngokuthathwa kwezinkampani ezinkulu yizinkampani ezinkulu kakhulu. Njengoba kusengozini yamaRandi ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane eziyi-15 ngonyaka e-US kanye nezimakethe zakwamanye amazwe ezikhula ngokushesha, akumangalisi ukuthi abanye balambele ucezu olukhulu lukaphayi.

UNestle Purina uthenge ukwakha UNestlé Purina Petcare,ezinye izinkampani ziyathanda  (Idili Elimnandi, i-Alpo, i-Friskies, i-Mighty Dog Chow, i-Cat Chow, i-Puppy Chow, i-Kitten Chow, i-Beneful, i-Uno, i-PROPLAN, i-delicat, i-HiPro, i-Kit'n'Kaboodle, i-Tender Vittles, i-Purina Veterinary Diets).

UDel Monte ubhebhethekise uHeinz (MeowMix, Gravy Train, Kibbles 'n Bits, Wagwells, 9Lives, Cycle, Skippy, Recipe Nature, kanye nezilwane ezifuywayo eziphatha iMilk Bone, Pup-Peroni, Snausages, Pounce).

IMasterFoods iphethe iMars, Inc., edle kakhuluROYAL CanIN(I-Pedigree, i-Waltham's, i-Cesar, i-Sheba, Izilingo, i-Goodlife Recipe, Ukukhetha Okunengqondo, i-Excel) ...

Abanye abakhiqizi abakhulu bokudla kwezilwane abaziwa emakethe yezilwane, yize imikhiqizo yabo eminingi yokunakekela isebenzisa izithako ezitholakala kwimikhiqizo eyenziwe yizilwane:

IColgate-Palmolive ithengiwe Ukudla kwesayensi kaHill (eyasungulwa ngo-1939) ngo-1976 (Ukudla Kwesayensi kaHill, Ukudla KwamaPhepha, Okuhamba Phambili Kwemvelo).

Amanye amafemu azimele (enza ukudla kweminye imikhiqizo njenge Kroger y Wal-Mart) kanye nama-co-packers (akhiqiza ukudla kwabanye abakhiqizi bokudla kwezilwane ezifuywayo) nabo bangabadlali abakhulu. Izinkampani ezintathu ezinkulu IDoane Pet Care,IDayimane, kanye neMenu Ukudla, ekhiqiza ukudla kwenqwaba yemikhiqizo.

Izinkampani eziningi ezinkulu zokudla kwezilwane ku United States Ziyizinkampani ezingaphansi kwezinkampani ezinkulu zomhlaba wonke. Ngokombono webhizinisi, ukudla kwesilwane kuhambisana kahle nezinkampani ezenza imikhiqizo yabantu. Izizwe eziningi zikhuphule amandla azo okuthenga, lezo ezenza imikhiqizo yokudla ezosetshenziswa ngabantu zinemakethe ezithunjiwe zokufaka kuyo imali kudoti wazo, kanti ukwahlukaniswa kokudla kwezilwane ezifuywayo kunenhlokodolobha ethembekile futhi, ezimweni eziningi, umthombo olula wezithako .

I-Pet Food Institute - inhlangano yezohwebo yabenzi bokudla kwezilwane ezifuywayo, ikubonile ukusetshenziswa kwemikhiqizo evela ekudleni kwezilwane zasekhaya njengengeniso eyengeziwe kubaprosesa nabakhiqizi: izilwane ezifuywayo, kodwa futhi kudale izimakethe ezintsha ezinenzuzo zemikhiqizo yezolimo yaseMelika kanye nemikhiqizo evela kupakishwa inyama, izinkukhu, nezinye izimboni zokudla ezilungiselela ukudla okuzosetshenziswa ngabantu.

Enye imininingwane okufanele ibhekwe yizimo zenhlanzeko eziphansi ezungeze izinga lomkhakha. Lokhu kubangela ukuthi wonke amaqoqo noma yonke imigqa yomkhiqizo ingcoliswe. I- I-FDA (Ukuphathwa Kwezokudla Nezidakamizwa zase-US) Ngishicilela uhlu kuwebhusayithi yayo ngayo yonke imikhiqizo ehoxisiwe ekusetshenzisweni ngokuba yingozi ekusetshenzisweni kwesilwane sethu (Uyakhumbula futhi uhoxise imali / 05/04/2015). Uma ubheka uhlu, Izizathu zokususa le mikhiqizo ngokuvamile kungenxa yokungcola kwamagciwane noma ukufakwa kwazo zonke izinhlobo zezinto, kusuka ezintweni zensimbi ezifana nensimbi noma ithusi kuya ezintweni ezingaziwa. Yebo mnumzane. Lokho osanda kukufunda. Ubukhona bezinto ezingaziwa ze-ejensi yokulawula. Kubonakale kunamandla kakhulu kimi, angazi ngawe.

U-Eva Martin usitshela endatshaneni yakhe mayelana nokudla okunomsoco we-canine ekhasini lakhe:

Iningi lokudla okomile lenziwa ngomshini obizwa nge-extruder. Okokuqala, okokusebenza kuxutshwe ngokuya ngeresiphi eyenziwe ngosizo lwezinhlelo zamakhompiyutha ezinikeza okuqukethwe komsoco wesithako ngasinye esihlongozwayo. Isibonelo, ufulawa we-corn gluten unamaprotheni amaningi kunofulawa kakolweni. Ngoba i-extruder idinga inani elilinganayo lesitashi nomswakama ophansi ukuze isebenze kahle, izithako ezomile - njengokudla kwenyama kanye nesidlo sethambo, inhlama nezinhlamvu kulawula.

Ubuningi bufakwa kwizikulufu ze-extruder. Ifakwa umusi nomfutho ophakeme, njengoba uphushelwa ezinsizeni ezinquma ukwakheka komkhiqizo wokugcina, njengemibhobho esetshenziswa ekuhlobiseni ikhekhe. Njengoba ukushisa kuphuma, inhlama ecindezelweyo evela ku-extruder isikwa ngochungechunge lwemimese ephotha ngokushesha ibe yizicucu ezincane. Njengoba ubukhulu bufinyelela umfutho womoya ojwayelekile, uyanweba futhi uguquke ube sesimweni sawo sokugcina. Ukudla kuyekelwa kome, bese kuvamise ukufafazwa ngamafutha, noma amanye amakhompiyutha ukuze akuthande kakhudlwana. Lapho selehlile, ingahlanganiswa.

Yize inqubo yokupheka ibulala amabhaktheriya ezithako, umkhiqizo wokugcina ungathatha amabhaktheriya amaningi ngesikhathi sokomisa, ukumboza, kanye nenqubo yokupakisha elandelayo. Abanye ochwepheshe baxwayisa ngokuthi ukuthola ukudla okomile kumanzi kungavumela amagciwane angaphezulu ukuba ande futhi agulise izilwane. Ungahlanganisi ukudla okomile namanzi, ubisi, ukudla okusemathinini, noma olunye uketshezi.

Ngokuvamile, asizibuzi nokuthi ukudla kwenja yakho kuqhamukaphi, nokuthi bakwenza kanjani okuphakelayo.

Noma kunjalo…Wake wazibuza ukuthi bakwenza kanjani okuphakelayo kwenja yakho?

Iresiphi yomlingo.

Manje sengizokhuluma ngokuthi kwenziwa kanjani nokuthi kudliwani ukudla kwenja. Ake siqale sikhulume ngezinto zokusetshenziswa ezenziwe yile mikhiqizo.

Lapho bekutshela ukuthi okuphakelayo kwenja yakho kuqukethe inkukhu noma inyama yenkomo, sonke sicabanga ngocezu lwenkukhu noma lwenkomo njengalezo sonke esizaziyo. Akukho okunye okuvela eqinisweni. Kungcono ukunika inja, umlomo, isiqubu, izimpaphe nemilenze. Ngiyazibuza: Iziphi izingxenye zenkukhu ezinomsoco onomsoco? Ungaphenduli okwamanje.

Ukubuyela futhi ku-athikili ka-Eva Martin kusuka ku-Alimentacion Canina.com:

Izinja namakati kudla inyama, futhi kwenziwa kahle ekudleni okususelwa enyameni. Amaprotheni ekudleni okomile (okuphakelayo) avela emithonjeni ehlukahlukene. Lapho kuhlatshwa izinkomo, izingulube, izinkukhu, amawundlu nezinye izilwane, izicubu zemisipha ziyagawulwa esidunjini ukuze zisetshenziswe ngabantu, kanye nezitho ezimbalwa abantu abathanda ukuzidla, njengezilimi namabele.

Kodwa-ke, cishe konke ukudla okungu-50% kokuvela ezilwaneni akusetshenziswanga ekudleni kwabantu. Okusele kwesidumbu - amakhanda, imilenze, amathambo, igazi, amathumbu, amaphaphu, ubende, isibindi, imisipha, ukusikwa kwamafutha, izingane ezingakazalwa, nakwezinye izindawo ngokuvamile akudli abantu, eminye imikhiqizo esetshenziselwa ukudla kwesilwane, futhi ukudla kwezilwane, kukhona Umanyolo, izinto zokuthambisa ezimbonini, insipho, injoloba neminye imikhiqizo. Lezi "ezinye izingxenye" ​​zaziwa njenge "Imikhiqizo eyenziwe". Le mikhiqizo isetshenziselwa izinkukhu nokudla kwemfuyo, kanye nokudla kwesilwane.

Inqubo yokukhiqiza okuphakelayo kulula ukuyichaza:

  1. Kuqala bathatha izingxenye ezisele zeHuman Food Industry bazibeke kuma-degree angu-3000 ukubenzela ufulawa.
  2. Bese beyakhipha ukuze bayinikeze leyo bhola.
  3. Ekugcineni, baphatha okuphakelayo ngezithasiselo zamakhemikhali ezimboni ukuze inja yakho ibadle.
  4. Bayayiphakisha bese bekuthengisela yona ngemali eningi ngangokunokwenzeka.

 

Izithasiselo zezimboni noma ukuthi ungayifaka kanjani ushevu inja yakho kancane kancane

Kwa- Alimentacion Canina.com basitshela ngezithasiselo:

Amakhemikhali amaningi afakwa ekudleni okuthengiswayo ukuthuthukisa ukunambitheka, ukuzinza, izici, noma ukubukeka kokudla. Izingxenye zalo azihlinzeki nganoma iyiphi indlela yokudla okunempilo. Ezinye izithasiselo zifaka ama-emulsifiers okuvimbela amanzi namanoni ekuhlukaniseni, ama-antioxidants ukuvikela amafutha ekutheni angabi rancid, nemibala yokufakelwa nokunambitheka okwenza umkhiqizo uthandeke kakhulu kubathengi futhi uzwakale kalula ezifuyweni zabo.

Izinhlobonhlobo zezithasiselo ezivunyelwe ekudleni kwezilwane nasekudleni kwesilwane, kungabalwa amavithamini namaminerali. Akuwona wonke empeleni asetshenziswa ekudleni kwesilwane. Izithasiselo zingavunywa ngokukhethekile, noma zingawela esigabeni se- "esaziwa njengokuphephile" (GRAS).

Izithasiselo: Ama-anti-caking agents, ama-antigelling agents, ama-Antimicrobial agents Ama-antioxidants (angaba yimvelo noma abe yingozi) ama-colorants, ama-Condiments, ama-ejenti aphilisayo, ama-agent omisa, ama-emulsifiers, ama-oyela abalulekile, ama-Aroma enhancers
Ama-Humectants, ama-ejenti afaka imvubelo, amaLubricants, ama-Palatants, ama-Granulating Agents nama-Binders, ama-Petrolium Derivatives ama-pH control agents, IzilondoloziAma-Condiment, Izinongo, Izisimamisi, Izithambisi, Ukuthumela imiyalezo, iThickeners.

Konke ukudla kwesilwane okuthengiswayo kufanele kugcinwe ukuze kugcinwe kusanda futhi kukhanga kubangane bethu bezilwane. Ukuwafaka kungokwelashwa kokulondolozwa, ngakho-ke ukudla okusemathinini kungadinga usizo oluncane noma kungaludingi. Amanye ama-preservatives ayengezwa kwizithako noma izinto zokusetshenziswa ngabahlinzeki, kanti amanye angangezwa ngumenzi.. I-U.S. Coast Guard, ngokwesibonelo, idinga ukuthi inhlama yenhlanzi igcinwe kakhulu nayo ethoxyquin noma i-antioxidant elinganayo.

Ngoba abakhiqizi kumele baqinisekise ukuthi ukudla okomile kunempilo ende eshalofini (izinyanga eziyi-12) ukuze kudliwe kuze kuthunyelwe futhi kugcinwe, amafutha asetshenziswa ekudleni kwesilwane agcinwa ngemithi yokwenziwa noma "yemvelo". Izinto zokuvikela zokwenziwa zifaka phakathi i-butylhydroxyanisole (BHA) ne-butylhydroxytoluene (BHT), propyl gallate, propylene glycol (futhi isetshenziswa njengenguqulo enobuthi obuncane ye-antifreeze yezimoto), ne-ethoxyquin. Kula ma-antioxidants, kunolwazi oluncane olubhala ubuthi bawo, ukuphepha, ukuxhumana, noma ukusetshenziswa okungapheli kokudla kwesilwane okungadliwa nsuku zonke impilo yesilwane. I-Propylene glycol ivinjelwe ekudleni kwekati njengoba ibanga i-anemia emakati, kepha isavunyelwe ekudleni kwezinja.

Izimbangela ezingabangela umdlavuza njenge-BHA, BHT, ne-ethoxyquin zivunyelwe emazingeni aphansi kakhulu. Ukusetshenziswa kwala makhemikhali ekudleni kwesilwane akuzange kufundwe kahle, futhi ukwakhiwa kwesikhathi eside kwalawa ma-ejenti ekugcineni kungaba yingozi. Ngenxa yedatha engabazekayo ocwaningweni lokuqala ngokuphepha kwayo, umenzi we Ethoxyquin, IMonsanto, kwakudingeka isifundo esisha futhi esinzima ngokwengeziwe. Lokhu kwaphela ngo-1996. Yize iMonsanto ingabutholanga ubuthi obubalulekile obuhambisana "nomkhiqizo wayo," ngoJulayi 1997 i-FDA Center for Veterinary Medicine yacela ukuthi abakhiqizi behlise ngokuzithandela izinga eliphezulu le-ethoxyquin ngesigamu, liye ezingxenyeni ezingama-75 ngesigidi. Yize abanye abagxeki bokudla kwezilwane ezifuywayo nodokotela bezilwane bekholelwa ukuthi i-ethoxyquin iyimbangela enkulu yezifo, izinkinga zesikhumba, nokungabi nenzalo ezinjeni, abanye bathi yisona silondolozi esiphephe kunazo zonke, esiqine kakhulu, nesizinzile kakhulu sokudla kwesilwane. I-Ethoxyquin ivunyelwe ukusetshenziswa ekudleni kwabantu ukonga izinongo, njenge-cayenne kanye ne-chili powder, ngezinga le-100 ppm - kepha kungaba nzima kakhulu ngisho nakubathandi bezinongo kakhulu ukuthi basebenzise i-chili powder eningi zonke izinsuku njenge inja edla ukudla okomile nsuku zonke. I-Ethoxyquin Akukaze kuhlolwe ukuphepha emakati. Ngaphandle kwalokhu, kuvame ukusetshenziswa ekudleni kwezilwane ezinja nasemakati.

Abakhiqizi abaningi bokudla kwezilwane basabele ekukhathazekeni kwabathengi, futhi manje basebenzisa izivikeli "zemvelo" ezifana novithamini C (ascorbate), uvithamini E (ingxube yama-tocopherols), y amafutha ka-rosemary, ama-clove, noma ezinye izinongo, ukugcina amafutha emikhiqizweni yakho. Impilo yeshalofu imfishane, noma kunjalo - cishe izinyanga eziyisithupha kuphela.

Izithako ezingazodwana, ezinjengenhlama yenhlanzi, zinganezelwa izinto zokuvikela ngaphambi kokuba zifinyelele kubakhiqizi bokudla kwesilwane. Umthetho wesifundazwe udinga ukuthi izivikeli zamafutha zidalulwe kulebula, kepha izinkampani zokudla kwezilwane azihambisani njalo nalo mthetho. (kungenzeka ukuthi ufulawa ugcinwa nawo I-Ethoxyquin ngaphandle kokuthi kuboniswe kuzithako zomkhiqizo, njengoba kufakwa ngumhlinzeki wezinhlayiya hhayi ifektri yokuphakelayo.)

Ukudweba iziphetho

Ngizokutshela ngokusobala futhi: Ngicabanga = Ubuthi

Noma kunini lapho ngibona eyodwa yalezo zihloko, kuphi Basitshela ngezinzuzo zokuphakelwa yizintatheli zamanga zobude obuphakathi ezizinikela ekukopisheni izindatshana abazibona kwezinye izintatheli zamanga, sengathi bangamapholi, ngiyabona ukuthi abawazi umonakalo abawenzayo emphakathini nasezilwaneni ngemikhuba yabo edabukisayo yobungcweti. Phakathi kwabo nodokotela bezilwane, okungafanele babe nokudayiswa kokuphakelayo phakathi kwemisebenzi yabo yobungcweti, bakhe isithombe esiseduze kokuphakelayo, okuyiyona nto kanye abayifunayo.Kusho uPurina, uHill noma uRoyal Canin.

Njalo uma ngibuza umuntu ukuthi idlani inja yakhe, futhi ungitshela ukuthi ngicabanga okuhle, bese engitshela uphawu lwesitolo, Ngibona hallucinate ngosayizi wenkohliso abasibeka kuwo.

Ukubingelela futhi into elandelayo engikulethela yona yi- Umhlahlandlela wokudla we-canine.

Nakekela izinja zakho.

 


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-19, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   ana kusho

    futhi .. sibanikani ukuba badle? uma sicindezela okuphakelayo?

  2.   UJuanjo kusho

    Nginikeza amakati ami ukudla komkhiqizo we-Orijen, okungabizi kakhulu futhi ngiyakugcwalisa ngokudla okumanzi okuvela ku-Almo Nature noma ama-Applaws okuthi, lapho kuvulwa, kubukeke njengokudla okwenzelwe abantu. Uyini umbono wakho ngalokhu kudla maqondana nalokhu?

    1.    U-Antonio Carretero kusho

      Sawubona Juanjo. Siyabonga ngokuphawula. I-Orijen ingumkhiqizo omuhle kakhulu wokuphakelayo, onqubo yokukhiqiza komkhiqizo inamazinga aphezulu kakhulu ekhwalithi, futhi uma lokho bekunganele, baqotho. IChampion Foods ingumkhiqizi wokuphakelayo oguqula kancane kancane imakethe yokudla yezilwane zethu. Bashicilele i-Orijen White Book, eyisisekelo sezifundo eziningi mayelana nokondliwa okufanele kwezilwane zethu, futhi bona uqobo batusa ukudla okunempilo okuqukethe imikhiqizo yemvelo.

  3.   UJosemari kusho

    Ngidla ne-offal, isibindi, ubuchopho, ummbila, ubuchopho, njll. Siyazi ukuthi sidla okwenziwe emaflejini ama-purees, omisiwe, amathinini, njll. Yini okufanele siyenze?. Indlala? Kuhle ukubika, ukuze sibe nekhwalithi, yethu kanye nabasebenzi bethu basezindlini, kepha kungani izindaba ezakhayo zinganikezwa? Ingabe kusele izinxushunxushu kuphela kithi? Kungani lezi zihloko zingalokothi zinikeze izixazululo? Kuzodingeka ukucabanga.

  4.   Ngicabanga-Online.com kusho

    Ngiye ngahlala ngimi nalesi sihloko. Ubuphi ubuso obusho ukuthi ngicabanga ukuthi ubuthi? Ngezingxenye: 1. Uma kunjalo, bekungeke kube semakethe. 2. Yonke imikhiqizo inokwakheka kwayo okuningiliziwe kwiphakeji yokuphakelayo, lapho wonke umuntu ukhululekile ukukhetha ukuthi ufuna ukusinikeza isilwane sakhe. 3. Zonke izifunzo ezisezingeni eliphakeme zenzelwe ukunikeza isilwane okungcono kakhulu, zonke izakhamzimba esizidingayo, ibhalansi yokudla okunempilo ongakusho. Uthembela nje kuma-athikili amaningi futhi awuqinisile kulokho okushoyo.
    I-Acana ne-Orijen ngokwesibonelo zihamba phambili emakethe, kungukudla okungokwemvelo ngaphandle kwezithasiselo. Kuyabonakala ukuthi inemiphumela emihle, ikakhulukazi esikhunjeni nasezinweleni. Athwala amaprotheni ezilwane aphakathi kuka-50 no-80%, lapho izinhlobo ezaziwayo ezisezingeni eliphakeme zihamba phakathi kuka-20-30%.
    Ngiphendule ngokuthile: Kungani ukudla kwezinhlobo zezilwane zezinkinga ezithile (ukugaya ukudla, izinso, i-urinary, i-allergies, ukungabekezelelani kokudla, njll.) Kunemiphumela emihle kangaka futhi iyasebenza? Ngabe unaso isixazululo ngenye indlela?

    Ngiyabona ukuthi awuphenduli muntu, kuzoba ngoba uthembele kwezinye izindatshana futhi awunamqondo omkhulu. Ekugcineni, esikufunayo yikhona okungcono kakhulu esilwaneni sethu, kanti okuphakelayo kunikeza zonke izakhamzimba abazidingayo.

  5.   U-Antonio Carretero kusho

    Sawubona Kiko85. Siyabonga ngokuphawula. Noma yini evela kuChampion Foods yinto enhle. Ungaba nokuthula.

  6.   U-Antonio Carretero kusho

    Sawubona Raul. Kunemikhiqizo efana ne-Acana, i-Orijen noma i-Fresh! ezinikela ngekhwalithi ephezulu kakhulu ezinqubweni zazo zokukhiqiza. IChampion Foods ingumkhiqizi omuhle. Ngeke ufunde imibono engemihle kubo. Ngikufisela okuhle.

  7.   Luci kusho

    Sawubona Sergio, ngiyabonga ngokuphendula. Ngingathanda ukwazi ukuthi uyawazi yini ama-applaws brand. Ngabe zingaqhathaniswa nemikhiqizo yokudla eyiqhawe? Yiyo engicabanga ukuthi nginikela amakati ami muva nje ngoba anuka kabi. Nginikeza izinja zami acana

  8.   Luci kusho

    Intethelelo. Ngikubize ngoSergio. U-Antonio wayefuna ukusho kucace

    1.    U-Antonio Carretero kusho

      Sawubona Luci. Ungakhathazeki, bangibize ngezinto ezimbi kakhulu. Angazi lowo mkhiqizo, futhi angazi okuningi mayelana nokondla amakati, kepha kunento eyodwa engiyaziyo, ama-brand anomthwalo wemfanelo anikezela ekubhaleni kwabo ukwakheka ngqo namaphesenti alokho into ngayinye equkethe. Futhi funa imininingwane kuNutricionistadeperros.com, ukuthi uCarlos Alberto Gutierrez olungile, naye ungusokondli wekati. Ukubingelela nokubonga ngokuphawula.

  9.   U-Antonio Carretero kusho

    Sawubona Epona, ngiyabonga ngokuphawula futhi ngiyaxolisa ngokubambezeleka ukukuphendula.
    Siya ezingxenyeni ezithile.
    Kushibhile ukuthi ubondle ngokudla kwemvelo kunokuba ngicabanga. Ishibhile njengoba lokhu kunje.
    Ikhilo lenkukhu libiza kancane ngaphansi kuka-2 eu esitolo esivamile.
    Ikhilo elilodwa lokuphakelayo okushibhile libiza u-2 eu.
    Inja enkulu kumele idle u-1,5% wesisindo sayo ekudleni okungokwemvelo, okumele kube amaprotheni amancane ezilwane ezingama-60% (inkukhu, izigwaca, unogwaja, njll.), Kanti amanye ama-20% aphekwe ilayisi noma imifino kanye namanye ama-20% e-yogurt , ushizi, iqanda elibiliswe kanzima ...
    Angiyazi leyo mikhiqizo, ngiyaxolisa ukuthi angikwazi ukukusiza. Kodwa-ke, bengingazethembi kakhulu, empeleni.
    Izithako zivame ukuza kuwe ... i-chemistry emsulwa ...
    Ezinjeni ezinenkinga yezinso, ngincoma ukuthi uthintane nomsebenzi kaDkt Donald Strombeck, nakuba ungesiNgisi, incwadi yakhe ethi "Home Prepared dogs and cats diets: The Heathful alternative" iwumsebenzi omuhle wokubhekisela emhlabeni jikelele.
    Siyabonga ngezincomo !!!
    Ukubingelela!

  10.   U-Antonio Carretero kusho

    Sawubona Mirta, ngiyabonga ngokuphawula.
    Izinja zakho zidla njengamakhosi !!!
    Yebo nkosikazi.
    Khulisa amaprotheni ezilwane ukuze acishe abe ngama-60% wokudla kwakho kwansuku zonke futhi konke kuzohamba kahle.
    Ukwanga !!

  11.   ali kusho

    Yibize ngokuthi ikusasa, ikubize ngengozi noma noma yini ofuna ukuyibiza ... ngizovula isicoci sezinja eSan Jerónimo Seville, futhi ngenze isifundo noCarlos Gutierrez engimthandayo, futhi manje ngithola ukuthi kukhona umuntu osondelene kakhulu onefilosofi efanayo ekudleni kwe-canine. Ngondla inja yami uFlamenka iminyaka emibili ngokudla okwenziwe ekhaya namathambo futhi he, kuhle. Ngifuna ukwenza ukuhlubuka kukaCarlos ebhizinisini lami kancane kancane. Ngijabule kakhulu ukuzwa kumuntu okuthi, ngaphezu kokuba seduze nokusebenza eqenjini, akhuthaze ukuhlonishwa kohlobo lwe-canine kanye ne-feline. Sanibonani

  12.   Laura kusho

    Ngiyabonga kakhulu ngokushicilela le ndatshana.
    Bengilokhu ngondla inja yami isikhathi esithile, (kulabo abangayazi, yinyama eluhlaza, amathambo azungezwe kahle inyama nokuluhlaza, i-viscera, imifino nezithelo, amaqanda, inhlanzi, iyogathi yemvelo noma i-kefir, njll. njll) kusobala ukuthi iqandisiwe kuqala ukubulala izimuncagazi ezingaba khona, futhi akukhona nje kuphela ukuthi unamandla, unempilo, ushesha futhi muhle kunanini ngaphambili, kepha ukungezwani komzimba kwakhe kuyingxenye yesikhathi esedlule, futhi izibalo zakhe ziyi-10.
    Okuphakelayo kungumkhonyovu ne-mafia futhi akumele sibe yingxenye yako ngokwenza izinja / amakati ethu agule ngokubanikeza ukudla.

  13.   stolis kusho

    Bheka, perroflauten, ungahumushela izindatshana zaseMelika ozifunayo bese uphekela izinja zakho i-caviar, kepha uma esigabeni sesibili esikopishiwe uthi okuphakelayo kwenziwa ngezinsalela zezilwane ezigulayo, izilwane ezingakwazi ukungena kunoma iyiphi indawo yokuhlatshwa e-European Union ngomthetho futhi lokho kwenziwa ngokuqinile kusukela ecaleni lenkomo elihlanyayo, i-athikili yakho yonke ayifanelekile. futhi ungakhulumi ngokudla kusuka emakhulwini amabili eminyaka edlule lapho eSpain kungekho nja eyadla ukudla ngaphambi kwama-2 ...

  14.   LIGIA PARRA NOMA kusho

    Sawubona. Ngikubhalela ngivela eColombia. Ngifuna ukwabelana ngesiqephu sezindaba esivela kokuhlangenwe nakho kwethu. Ngondle ama-doggies ami aseHills bavele bafa. Sihlala sibondla ngama-HIlls futhi ngikholwa wukuthi ubuthi. NguNkulunkulu kanjani ukukholwa kulokhu? imboni kanye nodokotela bezilwane basenza sikholelwe ukuthi yiyona ehamba phambili, kepha asibabulali kancane kancane, izinkinga zabo ziyesabeka futhi zibuhlungu. Asikwazi ukuqhubeka nokukholelwa kulezi zimboni noma kodokotela bezilwane abathi, ukuze bazuze ngokuthengisa kwabo, banamathele ukudla okuhle kakhulu ngamehlo ethu. Hewu Nkosi yami. enye yezinja zami yaxhuma lapho ngiyishintsha yaba ngamagquma7 + yayisesha umhlabathi. Kokubili kune-gastritis engapheli, izicubu, ukuvinjelwa, ukuthuthumela. Uyacelwa ukuthi uqhubeke nokufuna ubufakazi obungaphezu kwalokho okuvelayo.

  15.   LIGIA PARRA NOMA kusho

    Sawubona!

    Ngivela eColombia. Ngifakazela u-100% ukuthi iHills inobuthi. Izinja zami ezimbili zisanda kufa. Kubabangele ubuhlungu. Izinkinga eziyinkulungwane zihlanganiselwe lokho kugxilwa okungahambi kahle. Okukhulu kakhulu kumshintshe waba ngamagquma 7+ wahlanya, wafuna ukudla phansi, washintsha indlela yokuziphatha wangabe esabuyela ekwenzeni lokho ayekwenza. Usanda kushona ezinsukwini eziyi-15 ezedlule. Futhi esinye isilwane seminyaka engu-4 asisindiswanga naso. Kokubili kune-gastritis engapheli, ukuvinjelwa, ukulimala kwezinso. NgoNkulunkulu lokhu kuyaphela UNGANIKI ISILWANE SAKHO ESIKHULULEKILE, nguNkulunkulu; Ake sibaphekele, bayasibulala. Isikhathi sesihambile kimi, kepha ngikushiyela le mfundiso ebuhlungu

  16.   UMirelly kusho

    Lokhu ngikusole isikhathi eside, nginesiqiniseko sokuthi kwenzeka okufanayo ngokudla okucutshungulwayo kwabantu kanye nemithi neso…. Anginabo ubufakazi kodwa nginesiqiniseko sokuthi zonke izifo zakhiwe ezindaweni zokucwaninga ukuze zisetshenziswe kubantu. Iqiniso ukuthi akukho zithelo nemifino okulungele ukusetshenziswa ngabantu kepha… .. Siyizilwane ezijwayelekile futhi njengezilwane zangempela, izitho zethu zikulungele ukudla noma yini ezayo.

  17.   Miguel kusho

    Bengilokhu ngiphakela izilwane zami ezifuywayo amashumi eminyaka futhi zonke zibe nezimpilo ezinde kakhulu (iminyaka eyi-15-16 ngokwesilinganiso) nazo zibe nempilo enhle namandla zaze zaba badala kakhulu. Ngicabanga ukuthi lesi sihloko sinehaba futhi sihambisana nomugqa othi "anti-system".