Umhlahlandlela Wokuphakelwa KweCanine

 

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Kujwayelekile kimi ukuthi ngicabange ukuthi wonke umuntu uyazithanda izinja zakhe, ngoba ngiyazithanda. Futhi wuthando olungachazeki. Lolo thando engiluzwayo ngezinja zami luvame ukudala izidingo ezithile ezizungezile ezingishukumisela ukuba ngithole izindlela zokuzifihla ngandlela thile. Futhi konke lokhu ukuba nobudlelwano, bude futhi buhlale ngangokunokwenzeka. Kanjalo nezinja zithanda. Ngangizosayina ukuchitha impilo yami nezinja zami. Futhi ngiyazi ukuthi nawe uyakwenza. Yingakho kufanele ubanakekele kahle ngangokunokwenzeka, futhi lokho kuqala ngokuzama ukubenza baphile ngokuphelele. Futhi sesivele siyazi ukuthi lokho kuqala ngokudla. Uma siyilokho esikudlayo, Ingabe inja yakho iphilile idla ukudla okuvela eMercadona brand brand Compy, ebiza ama-euro angama-20 ngamakhilo angama-20?… Sondla imfuyo yethu ini? Indlela yethu yokusondela ekudleni kwakho iyithinta kanjani impilo yakho? Futhi uma emubi ngicabanga, Yini okufanele inja yami idle?

Namuhla ngizonikezela le ndatshana, ukukukhombisa iphuzu elisha lokubuka komsoco wezinja zakho, lapho kukonga kakhulu futhi kunempilo, futhi lokho kuzokwenza ukuthi isilwane sijabule futhi sijabule ngokwengeziwe, ngoba sizobe sidla kahle futhi sizoba nokudla okulinganiselayo okuyikho, okuyinja. Ngaphandle kokuchitha isikhathi ngikushiya ne-Canine Feeding Guide. Ngiyethemba uyakujabulela ukufunda.

 

Yini esiyaziyo ngale ndaba?

Inja ingumuntu odla inyama

Angikwazi ukuqala ukukhuluma ngalokhu ngaphandle kokuqala ngibhekise ngqo kokuthunyelwe kwami ​​okubili kwangaphambilini ngendaba yokudla okunomsoco we-canine. Vuliwe Izinja nokucindezela kokudla Ngikutshela ngqo nangaphandle kokugaya amagama, ukuthi okudlayo kuzithinta kanjani izinja zakho, naku- Umlando Wemboni Yokudla Kwezilwane Ngikutshela iqiniso lonke hhayi okunye ngaphandle kweqiniso ngalokho esikondla ngakho izilwane zethu. Kuyadingeka ukuthi uwafunde ngaphambi kokuqala ngalo mhlahlandlela.

Njengoba sesivele sakucacisa, izinja zidla inyama. Akukho ama-omnivores. Uma sicabanga ngakho ngokucophelela, babe nathi kuphela iminyaka eyizinkulungwane ezimbalwa, cishe i-15000, futhi kimi ukwehluka ekudleni okuyisisekelo kwesilwane, kuthatha iminyaka engaphezu kwengu-150.000. Kufana nokusho ukuthi izinkomo zizoba omnivorous bese ziqala ukudla inyama ukuze zibe eceleni kwethu. Kunzima ukukholelwa, akunjalo? Yebo, kungenzeka, kepha kungathatha isikhathi esiningi, isikhathi ngamanani okunzima kakhulu ngathi njengabantu ukuphatha. Masikhumbule ukuthi impucuko yethu ineminyaka engaba ngu-6000 ubudala.

Yebo, izinja zethu ziyizilwane ezidla inyama, futhi badinga leyo nyama ukuze babe nempilo efanele futhi uzizwe kahle. Ngaphambi kokudla okususelwa kokuphakelayo, izinja zazinokudla okuncike kakhulu kokudla okusalile kwabantu, amagobolondo enkukhu, izigaxa zomdlalo, njll. futhi izifo zabo ezihlobene nokudla zazingasho lutho.

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Imboni yokudla kwezinja

Namuhla, ukuba nobuchwepheshe obuzungeze imboni yokudla kwe-canine, okufanele isinikeze uchungechunge lwemikhiqizo esezingeni eliphakeme, okusenza sibe umsebenzi wokuphakela izilwane zethu kangcono futhi kalula, kube nezinkinga ezimbalwa zezempilo kuzo. Kuvela ukuthi sinemitholampilo yezilwane ZIGCWELE izinja ezinenkinga yokungabekezeleli ukudla, abanesifo sikashukela, ukungasebenzi kahle kwezinso, izinkinga zenhliziyo, njll. Futhi ngaphezu kwalokho, ukuba nemikhiqizo ngokombono eqondene nokusiza ekululameni okuhle kulesi sifo.

Kodwa-ke, akukho okungaba kude neqiniso. Njengoba ngichazile vele endatshaneni edlule (Umlando Wemboni Yokudla Kwezilwane), ukondla izilwane zethu ngokudla, uguqule imfucuza yezinkampani ezinkulu nezamazwe amaningi yaba yigolide langempela, ukuba nenzuzo yezinkulungwane zezigidigidi ngonyaka. Uma ngisho kahle, izinkulungwane zezigidigidi. Lokhu kwenza kube ngenye yezimboni ezihlose kakhulu ukukhangisa nokwethembeka kwamakhasimende ngayo, ngasikhathi sinye ukuthi ingeminye yemikhakha ebhekelela iningi lama-multimacionals kakhulu ngoba ibavumela ukuthi baguqule wonke udoti emikhakheni efana nokudla kwabantu, umanyolo noma insipho, ngokusebenzisa inqubo elula (engabizi kubo), ibe ngumkhiqizo we-85 eu ngesikhwama samakhilo ayi-13. Ukuthi abasabeki ngisho ama-15 kilos. Lokho kuvela enganekwaneni ka-Aesop.

Odokotela bezilwane nemikhiqizo

Enye yezindlela abanazo zokulondoloza wonke lo mkhonyovu omkhulu wokuthi ukudla okuyisimo sefolishi kucabanga ukuthi abathengi esikunikeza izinja zethu amazwe amakhulu anjenge INestle Purina, Mars inc, Del Monte, Colgate-Palmolive noma iKraft, kungokufundiswa kodokotela bezilwane. Yebo, zingane zami ... niyifunda kanjani ...

Kufanele siqonde ukuthi udokotela wezilwane akayona into ngaphandle kukadokotela ojwayelekile wazo zonke izinhlobo zezilwane, okungukuthi, ukulungiselela kwabo, kungacacisi maqondana nesifundo esithile, imvamisa kuyisisekelo kuzo zonke izindawo. Lokhu kusho ukuthi ukuqeqeshwa kwabo ezindaweni ezifana nokudla okunomsoco we-canine kuyindlala kakhulu futhi, ingxenye enkulu, kusekelwe ezifundweni nasezifundweni ezinikezwa izinkampani ngokwazo noma ngabasebenzi bazo. Kunjalo.

Enye yezinkinga ezinkulu zokondla izinja zethu ukuthi izinkampani zokudla nge-canine, Yibo abaxhasa futhi benza zonke izinhlobo zokuhlolwa, izifundo zesayensi, izingqungquthela, izingqungquthela, izincwadi, njll. lapho zinikeza khona ukuvunyelwa kwesayensi nokubaluleka kwezenhlalo kumkhiqizo wabo ngokusebenzisa ochwepheshe bezilwane okuyibo abanjalo Basithengisela okuphakelayo kwabo okuphezulu, intengo ephezulu nekhwalithi engaphansi ngaphakathi okuvela emitholampilo yabo, ukondla okulimaza impilo yezilwane zethu ekubeni ngumthombo wazo wokudla. Ngingakusho kakhulu, kepha kungacaci. Esihlokweni esingenhla se- Umlando Wemboni Yokudla Kwezilwane, Ngikhuluma ngayo ngokujulile.

Futhi ukuthi lokhu akukwazi ukuqhubeka kanjena. Ngeke sikwazi ukugxeka izinja zethu ukuthi zidle ukudla nsuku zonke okuyinto esondele kakhulu ekudleni amakhukhi akhona. Nginombuzo engiwubuza udokotela wezilwane wami njalo lapho engitshela ukuthi into enempilo kakhulu enja ukudla amaphilisi:

Futhi kungani ungadli okuphakelayo ngaphandle kokuthi kuphile saka?

Futhi bayathula bangibuka ngobuso ukuthi ngiyasangana, kepha ngicabanga ukuthi umbuzo wami uyinto enengqondo kunazo zonke emhlabeni. Uma kungukudla okuphelele kanjalo, futhi kunempilo Kungani bengayidli?… Futhi impendulo ilula… ngenxa yezakhamzimba. Futhi ngenxa yesithukuthezi sokudla njalo into efanayo.

 

Ukudla okwenziwe vs ukudla kwangempela

Zonke izilwane ezincelisayo, amabhubesi, amahlosi, izindlulamithi, izimpisi, izindlovu, izinja, abantu, Babheka izakhamzimba, ama-enzyme, nama-bacteria adingekayo ekudleni kwabo kokudla okumanzi, ngamanzi amaningi. Lokhu kubalulekile. Akugcini ngokudla, kubuye kube yikhwalithi yokudla.

Uma siqhathanisa inani lamanzi nezinto ezomile esizithola kumagremu angama-600 wokuphakelayo nakuma-gramu ayi-600 wokudla kwemvelo, sithola ukuthi okuphakelayo kungu-90% wezinto ezomile namanzi ayi-10% kuphela, kanti ekudleni okungokwemvelo kungama-20% okomile nokunye okusele, amanzi angama-80%. Lokhu kusho ukuthi esilinganisweni esifanayo sokudla, okuphakelayo kunama-gramu angama-540 wezinto ezomile ngokumelene nama-gramu ayi-120 kuphela afanayo ekudleni kwemvelo. Umehluko mkhulu. Umkhiqizo owomile futhi osetshenzwe kakhulu njengokuphakelayo, obhekene namazinga okushisa aphezulu nezingcindezi, ulahlekelwa izakhi zomzimba eziningi noma cishe zonke, ezibalulekile ekudleni kwenja, lapho-ke kufakwa ngokwamakhemikhali, okungafaniswa ngisho no-120 gr wezakhamzimba, yama-enzyme abukhoma nama-bacteria angena ekudleni kwemvelo. Njengoba sengivele ngakutshela, ukuqhathanisa kunenzondo.

Kodwa-ke, ngiyazi ukuthi okwamanje umzuzwana umbuzo uphinde uvele ekhanda lakho:

Kodwa yini okufanele izinja zidle ngaleso sikhathi u-Antonio?

Umbuzo omuhle kakhulu.

 

Ukudla kwezinja

Ukudla okunomsoco-iPhiramidi-le-Inja

Iphiramidi

Ngakho konke ebengikufunda ngale ndaba, ngikudalile lokhu iphiramidi yokudla kwe-canine, lapho nginikeza isifinyezo esisheshayo salokho okufanele usekele ekudleni kwenja yakho, yize manje sengizokubuyekeza iphuzu nephuzu.

Inyama, amathambo, inhlanzi namaqanda

Kuyisisekelo sokudla kwenja. Inja idinga amaprotheni ezilwane asezingeni, ukuze ikwazi ukuthola kuwo izakhamzimba eziyisisekelo ngendlela yama-amino acid abalulekile amholela ekutholeni konke akudingayo. Izici ezi-3 ezibalulekile okufanele uzicabangele ukwazi ikhwalithi yamaprotheni yilezi: umthombo wamaprotheni, ukwakheka kwe-amino acid kanye nokugayeka kwawo.

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Umthombo wamaphrotheni

Ngenxa yamaphrofayili ahlukene ama-amino acid aqukethe amaprotheni ezilwane nezitshalo, ama-ANIMAL PROTEINS athathwa ngokuthi "amaprotheni aphelele" ezinja namakati, kanti ama-PLANT PROTEINS athathwa ngokuthi "amaprotheni angaphelele".

Ukwakhiwa kwama-amino acid

AMAPROTINI AMAZILWANE aqukethe wonke ama-amino acid wezinja namakati ahambisana ne
Izidingo ezidingekayo zempilo yazo ejwayelekile, ukugcinwa nokukhula kwazo.
AMAPROTINI AMATSHALA afana nommbila i-gluten, ubhontshisi wesoya noma amaprotheni ezitshalo angawodwa aqukethe wonke ama-amino acid ngezilinganiso ezifanele ezidingwa yinja noma ikati.
Ama-amino acid abalulekile ezinja nasemakati avame ukuntuleka kumaprotheni ezitshalo afaka i-arginine, i-taurine, i-methionine, i-lysine ne-tryptophan, okubaluleke kakhulu ekukhiqizeni i-serotonin, obhekene nokuncenga umzimba ukuba uphumule futhi usize ukuqeda ama-hormone okucindezeleka.

Ukugaya amaprotheni

Ukugaywa kwamaprotheni kuyindlela esemqoka yekhwalithi.
Ngemuva kwakho konke, kunanzuzoni ukuba nokudla okwenziwe ngamaprotheni esezingeni eliphakeme uma kungenakugaywa kalula?
Ukudla okunokugayeka kwamaprotheni amaningi yilokho okungahlukaniswa kube yizakhi ezincane, ezifakwe kalula kalula futhi ngokushesha kunabanye.
Ezinhlelweni zokugaya ukudla ezimfushane zezinja namakati, amaprotheni ezitshalo ancipha kakhulu kunamaprotheni enyama, ngakho-ke amaprotheni ezilwane ayindlela engcono kakhulu - agaywa kalula futhi aqukethe ama-amino acid abalulekile wezinja namakati.

Amafutha

Amafutha emvelaphi yezilwane angumthombo omkhulu wamandla atholakalayo enjeni yethu. Njengoba lokhu kungahambisani nokudla okunempilo komuntu, sithola amandla kusuka ku- carbohydrate, kunzima ngathi ukuqala ukukholelwa ukuthi inja ayitholi amandla emthonjeni ofanayo nathi. Lokhu kufana nalokhu:

Amafutha njengamandla

Ngokwe-White Paper ka Ukudla kwe-Orijen de la Casa Champions:

• Zombili izinja namakati zidinga inani eliphakeme lamafutha ezilwane ekudleni kwazo.
• Njengoba izilwane ezifuywayo, amakati nezinja ziphila impilo yokuzihlalela kakhudlwana kunabazala bazo izimpisi, futhi kubalulekile ukulinganisela inani lamafutha, okufanele libe phakathi kuka-15 no-18%.
• Yize womabili amafutha nama-carbohydrate ahlinzeka ngamandla, asebenza ngokuhluke kakhulu ku umzimba wenja noma wekati. Amafutha abalulekile ekudleni kwekati nezinja, ama-carbohydrate awekho.
• Amakhabhohayidrethi anika amandla ngokushesha kunamafutha. Kubantu, ukudla okuphezulu kwe- Ama-carbohydrate akhulisa imisipha ye-glycogen, eyandisa amandla. Umthwalo ofanayo we-carbohydrate kufayela le- izinja zakha ukwanda ngokweqile kwe-lactic acid emisipheni, kuveza isimo esibizwa ngokuthi i-hypoglycemia, edala ubuthakathaka nokukhathala.
• Amafutha ezilwane ngokusobala angcono kakhulu ekukhetheni izinja namakati amandla.

UCarlos Alberto Gutierrez usitshela encwadini yakhe ukuthi, Amaqiniso Ahlazisayo Wokudla Kwenja:

Khumbula ukuthi yize ama-carbohydrate enikeza amandla njengamafutha, lawa akamuva anawo
imisebenzi ebalulekile engeke izuzwe ngama-carbohydrate.
Amafutha ezilwane ahlinzeka ngama-acid abalulekile inja yakho engakwazi ukuwakhiqiza yodwa. Isibonelo? Akukho okunye futhi akukho okungaphansi kwe-Omega 3 Fatty Acids ebalulekile.
Kufanele uyilinganise kepha ungayicindezeli, ikakhulukazi ezinjeni ezingasebenzi kakhulu noma ezinemali encane esetshenziswayo.

 

Amathambo

Amathambo ayingxenye ebalulekile yokudla kwenja, kepha imboni yezokudla ifake kithi ukwesaba okwethusayo kokufaka amathambo ekudleni kwenja yethu.

Kodwa-ke, inja ingumuntu odla inyama, esezingeni elifanayo nempisi, ihlosi noma i-panther emnyama. Kunombuzo olula ofingqa kancane umyalezo engifuna ukukuthumela wona:

Ungacabanga ukuthi i-panther isusa ithambo enkukhu ngaphambi kokuyidla?

Ngicabanga impendulo.

Amathambo ngokusho kwesazi sezokudla esikhulu uCarlos Alberto Gutierrez:

Inja emvelweni nasezinkulungwaneni zeminyaka yayingumzingeli owayondla kakhulu inyamazane eyayibambile, wayichoboza amathambo futhi ngaleyo ndlela wathola i-calcium ne-phosphorus edingekayo ekwakhiweni kwethambo layo, ngaphezu kwamanye amaminerali esizobona kamuva.

Kunezinja ezimbalwa ezingamelana nokubamba inyama ezungeze ithambo noma ukulwa nemisipha exhunywe kuyo ngokuqinile. Angisayiphathi-ke eyomnkantsha omnandi obaphambanisayo. Kuyiqiniso ukuthi kufanele sithathe izinyathelo ezithile zokuzivikela futhi sizazise kancane kancane - ikakhulukazi uma zingabantu abadala futhi zingakaze zizidle - size sizenze umkhuba onempilo. Ngaphambi kokungena kulo mkhuba onempilo, ake sibone amaqiniso nemininingwane ezosisiza siqonde ukubaluleka kokufakwa kwayo ekudleni.

Ngokwesilinganiso, amathambo enkomo noma engulube aqukethe i-calcium engama-23 kuye kwangama-32%, i-phosphorus eyi-13 kuye kwayi-15%, amaprotheni ayi-6 kuye kwayi-8%, kanye nomswakama ongu-7 kuye ku-10%. Kepha hhayi lokho kuphela, futhi ingumthombo we-sodium (5,5%), i-iron (2,6%), i-magnesium (0,3%), i-zinc (0,1%) namanye ama-amino acid afana ne-lysine ne-methionine. Kukholwe noma ungakukholwa, amathambo angumthombo wamafutha acid atholakala emnkantsheni wethambo (umnkantsha) futhi anama-acid amaningi we-polyunsaturated nama-phospholipids kunamafutha we-intramuscular and subcutaneous fat.

Uma kuliqiniso, ukuthi ithambo eliphekiwe lilahlekelwa ngamanzi amaningi aze ome kakhulu futhi kungenzeka kube yinkinga ngesilwane sethu ukusho ngokujwayelekile nokususa izakhamzimba, ngoba kuzobe kulahlekile ngesikhathi sokupheka. Ngakho-ke, UNGANIKI AMABHONO APHEPHILE enjaweni. Leyo yinkinga eqinisekile.

Kuyadingeka ukuhlukanisa phakathi kwethambo lokudla (inkukhu, unogwaja, intendele, izigwaca) enamafutha amaningi, nethambo lokuzijabulisa (kusuka enkomeni, ingulube, inyama yenkonyana, njll), nokuyinto emkhuthaza kakhulu, kepha-ke asikwazi ukumvumela ukuba ayibhebhe noma ayenze iphatheke kabi. Ithambo lokuzilibazisa libuye lisebenzele ukuhlanza amazinyo abo futhi libe ukuzijabulisa okuhle kubo. Njengoba ngishilo ngaphambili, umfutho abawuthola ngokudla ubaluleke kakhulu. Ngizohlaziya lesi sihloko ngokuhamba kwesikhathi ngokujula okuthe xaxa.

Inyama yenkomo, ingulube, inkukhu, ikalikuni, iwundlu, unogwaja noma ihhashi, inhlanzi namaqanda kungumthombo oyinhloko wamaprotheni ezilwane adingwa yinja yethu.

Inyama inganikezwa iluhlaza noma iphekwe kancane. Noma yithose. Kuyacaca njalo ukuthi alinathambo. Uma kungamathambo anenyama, ngicela ungaluhlaza. Inhlanzi incanyelwa ukupheka noma okusemathinini, futhi uqaphe kahle uma une-Anisakis, okungaba inkinga yenja. Ngokwami ​​ngincamela ukubanikeza ngekani, ebuye isebenzise uwoyela wemifino, oyinikeza okuthile. Amaqanda, aphekiwe, athosiwe noma nge-omelette, kodwa-ke ufuna, okuluhlaza kungagayeki.

ukudla izinja

Izithelo nemifino

Izithelo nemifino kuyingxenye encane kodwa ebalulekile yokudla kwenja yethu, njengoba zinezakhamzimba ezisisimo samaminerali, imicu nezinto ezibizwa ngama-phytochemicals, futhi konke lokhu kuvela emthonjeni wemvelo.

Ngokwemvelo, inja ibizodla kuphela izithelo, okusanhlamvu, imbewu, imifino nezilimo eziyizigaxa ezithwalwa yisisulu sayo emathunjini ayo, okuyinani elincane kakhulu.

Inja, njengoba sishilo ngaphambili, iyisilwane esidla inyama futhi ayikucubunguli carbohydrate zikhona ngezithelo nemifino.

Yize singakwazi ukondla izithelo zingaphekiwe, imifino kufanele iphekwe noma ithosiwe kancane, okuzosiza ukuthi igayeke kalula.

Izinhlanzi nezinhlanzi zemifino

Amafutha ezinhlanzi angumthombo we-omega 3 no-omega 6 fatty acids abalulekile, kubalulekile ekudleni kwenja yethu, ngoba ayikwazi ukuyihlanganisa. Ngokwe-Orijen White Paper:

Ama-fatty acids abalulekile yi-fatty acids ekhona emafutheni adingwa ngumzimba.
Ngoba azikwazi ukukhiqizwa emzimbeni, ama-fatty acid abalulekile kumele aqhamuke ekudleni.
Okubaluleke kakhulu yi-linoleic ne-arachidonic4 (i-Omega-6), ne-DHA ne-EPA (i-Omega-3).
Ukulingana okufanele phakathi kuka-omega 6 no-omega 3 kubalulekile njengoba la mafutha amabili esebenza ngokubambisana. Isilinganiso esingu-2: 1 kuye ku-5: 1 samukelwa ngokujwayelekile njengelifanele amakati nezinja.
Njengoba ukusilela kwe-omega-6 kungavamile kakhulu, ukudla okuningi kwezilwane ezifuywayo kuncane kakhulu ku-omega-6 kuma-omega-3s kakhulu.

• Izinga lama-omega-3 lihluka kakhulu phakathi kwemithombo yezitshalo nezilwane.
• Ezinhlotsheni ezi-3 ze-omega-3s: I-ALA (alpha-linolenic acid) ivela ezitshalweni, kuyilapho i-DHA (dicosahexaenoic acid) ne-EPA (i-epicosapentaenoic acid) ivela ezinhlanzini.
• Izinja namakati kudinga i-DHA ne-EPA, hhayi i-ALA.

I-omega-3 evela ezitshalweni i-ALA, i-omega-3 enezintambo ezimfushane etholakala kosoya, uwoyela ophehliwe nefilakisi.
I-ALA kufanele iguqulwe ibe yi-EPA ne-DHA ukuze izuzise inja noma ikati ngokudla okunomsoco.
Njengoba amakati nezinja kungashintshelwa ukwenza lokhu kuguqulwa, i-omega-3 ALA evela ezitshalweni ibhekwa "njengengasebenzi" futhi ayifanelekile ngokwezinto eziphilayo izinja namakati.
I-EPA ne-DHA | I-Omega-3 evela ezinhlanzini
I-omega-3s yezilwane (i-EPA ne-DHA) ingama-omega-3s amaketanga amade afakwa ngqo emzimbeni. Imvelo ekhona ezinhlanzini ezinamafutha njenge-salmon, i-herring, ne-corigone, i-EPA ne-DHA yiyona ndlela engcono kakhulu yokukhetha izinja namakati.

Singathola uwoyela wezinhlanzi, njenge-salmon noma i-herring, ngezindlela ezahlukahlukene, kusuka kulitha, kuya kuma-capsule, kepha-ke kufanele sithintane nodokotela wethu wezilwane, okufanele kube yifomu nobungako obufanele.

Okusanhlamvu, ipasta, ilayisi

Njengoba sishilo phambilini, kufanele sigcine umnikelo we carbohydrate kusuka ezinhlamvini kuya kokuncane, ngoba yize kuzuzisa kakhulu abantu, enjeni akunamsoco, njengoba i-White Paper ka-Orijen ichaza:

Ama-carbohydrate ahlukaniswe ngamaqembu amabili amakhulu:
eyodwa). IKHABHODI ELILULA noma ushukela
ezimbili). IZINCWADI ZEKHABHILE EZIYINKIMBANE.
IZIMPAHLA EZILULA
Ama-carbohydrate alula akhiwe ngoshukela olula, noma amashukela amabili ahlanganisiwe, futhi atholakala ezinhlamvini ezifana nommbila, ukolweni nelayisi.
• Ushukela olula ufakwa masinyane egazini, kubangele ukwanda okusheshayo kwamazinga kashukela egazini.
• Lokhu kukhuphuka okusheshayo kubangela ukuthi umzimba ukhuphuke amazinga e-insulin futhi umphumela uba ukuthi ushukela uphenduka amafutha.
• Ukukhuphuka ngokushesha kwamazinga kashukela egazini ngokuvamile kulandelwa ukwehla okusheshayo, okudala imizwa yendlala nobuthakathaka.

IZINCWADI ZEKHABHILE EZIYINKIMBANE

Ama-carbohydrate ayinkimbinkimbi anezinyunithi ezingaphezu kwezimbili zikashukela ndawonye futhi atholakala nakumazambane, imidumba, futhi
kuneminye imifino nezithelo eziningi.
• Amakhabhohayidrethi ayinkimbinkimbi angathatha isikhathi eside ukuwohloka esiswini noma ukudlula ungagayekile, kudaleke
indle enkulu
Izinja namakati awanaso isidingo sokudla okunomsoco wama-carbohydrate futhi aguquke ukuze asetshenziswe
amaprotheni namafutha njengemithombo yamandla.
• Ukudla okungokwemvelo akuqukethe cishe ama-carbohydrate, kanti okusanhlamvu okuncane, izithelo nemifino esungulwe kusengaphambili yesisu se-
isisulu sakha ingxenye encane kakhulu yokudla okuphelele.
• Ukudla kwesilwane okunezakhamzimba ngokweqile namhlanje kubanga ukushintshashintsha kweshukela egazini, ukumelana ne-insulin futhi kubhekwa njengesizathu sokukhuluphala, isifo sikashukela kanye nokuqaliswa kwezinye izinkinga zempilo ezinjeni nasemakati.
• Ukudla okuvamile kwesilwane esomile kunokuqukethwe okuphezulu kakhulu kwe-carbohydrate, nokudla okuningi okungaphezu kuka-40-50% wokuqukethwe okuphelele kwe-carbohydrate.
• Cishe uhhafu wokudla kwezinja ezomile ushukela olulula ongabalulekile! Leli qiniso elibalulekile ngokuvamile alaziwa ngabathengi njengoba abakhiqizi bengadingeki ukuthi bakhombise okuqukethwe kwe-carbohydrate emaphaketheni abo.
• Ukudla i-carbohydrate ngaphezu kwezidingo zenja zansuku zonke (okuvame ukwenzeka ngokudla okuvamile kwesilwane) kubangela ama-enzyme angaphakathi ukugcina ama-carbohydrate engeziwe njengamafutha omzimba.
• Ama-Nutrient Profiles e-American Association of Food Control Officials (AAFCO) akhombisa ukuthi ama-carbohydrate awabalulekile ezinjeni nasemakati nokuthi izinga elincane lama-carbohydrate alidingeki ekudleni kwawo.
• NgokukaDkt.David S. Kronfeld, akudingekile ukuthi unikeze izinja ezindala ama-carbohydrate, ngisho nalabo abasebenza kanzima, njengoba isibindi sikwazi ukuhlanganisa ushukela owanele (kusuka emaprotheni nakumafutha).

Ngakho-ke, ukondla inja ngamazinga aphakeme elayisi noma okusanhlamvu nokuyikhiphela ngaphandle kokugijima kubanga umphumela ohluke kakhulu kulokho esifuna ukukufeza, ngoba inja ithola amandla emafutheni hhayi kuma-carbohydrate, okuzogcina kudala umuzwa yokukhathala nokukhathala.

Ubungako lapho kuxutshwa okunye okusanhlamvu nokudla kwenja yethu kuyingxenye eyodwa yokusanhlamvu, kuwo wonke amaprotheni ezilwane ezi-1 kanye nesithelo noma imifino.

ukudla-umhlahlandlela

Izinqubo Zobisi

Njengobisi lwenkomo imvamisa kubanga isifo sohudo, ngoba alikwazi ukugaya kahle (phela, asikho isilwane esiphuza ubisi sesikhulile, indoda kuphela) imikhiqizo etholakala obisini olufana noshizi, iyogathi noma u-ayisikhilimu, ocebile ngamafutha, iyagaya futhi inempilo kubo. Lapha kuzofanele usebenzise inqubo ethile yomuntu siqu, inkinga engizobhekana nayo kabanzi kamuva.

Ukudla komuntu

Ngubani ongakaze anikeze inja yakhe okunye kokudla esizenzela kona?

Esikhathini esedlule, labo abebephethe imakethe yokudla kwezinja yibo ababebulala. Kodwa-ke, kwakuyinto ejwayelekile kakhulu ukuthi inja yomndeni idle ipout njengomndeni. Lokhu kunezinto ezinhle nezimbi.

Phakathi kwezinto ezinhle ukuthi inja izoba ne- Umthombo ohlukahlukene wezakhamzimba futhi lokho kuzobiza kancane. Phakathi kwezinto ezimbi kukhona amathambo aphekiwe adala zonke izinhlobo zezinkinga noma yenza ngokweqile ukudla kwenja kakhulu.

Amakhekhe ezimboni, amaswidi, ushokoledi

Yize zingenalo inani lokudla okunempilo, noma izinja noma thina, kungumvuzo ofanele, ngoba i-ounce loshokholethi ibhomu lokunambitheka lamagquma wakho wokunambitha. Akuyona into yokwelapha nsuku zonke, noma kunjalo kungaba isithandwa sezinsuku ezithile.

Imiqondo emibili ebalulekile: okuhlukahlukene nenqubo

Okokuqala, lapho sibhekene nalokhu kuguqulwa kwepharadesi uma kukhulunywa ngokondla inja yethu, kufanele sisingathe imibono emibili ebonakala ibalulekile kimi ukufeza ibhalansi yokudla okunempilo kwesilwane sethu:

  • Izinhlobonhlobo: Inja iyisilwane esincelisayo futhi ifana kakhulu nomuntu ezintweni eziningi, kufaka phakathi isidingo sokudla okuhlukahlukene kuzo zonke izinhlobo zomsoco, noma ngokwesibonelo ukuthola izikhuthazo ezinhle ngokudla kwakho, ukuthola lesi sici esithile sokudlala, futhi naso sinohlangothi lwaso lokufunda nesipiliyoni saso sokuzijabulisa. Kunezinkinga eziningi zezempilo nezokuziphatha zezinja zethu ezihlobene nokudla, kungaba sezingeni lomzimba, kuzo zonke izinhlobo zezifo, kanye nasezingeni lengqondo nelokuqonda. Ukuthumela ukudla okunesandla esiqinile njengokupha inja yethu ukudla okufanayo nsuku zonke iminyaka, kuyincisha esinye sezinto ezibaluleke kakhulu empilweni yayo njengenja, ukudla, okungokuzijabulisa kwabo okuyinhloko kanye nokudlala. Ngakho konke lokhu, futhi ngenxa yokuthi ubungeke uqhubeke nokudla i-ham ne-prawns impilo yakho yonke, noma kungaphansi uma bekunika ikhukhi, okwenza inja yethu ibe nokudla okuhlukahlukene, kuyinto ebaluleke kakhulu kuwo wonke amazinga.
  • Umbandela: Kunemihlahlandlela eminingi yokudla kwezinja kuwebhu. Ngeke ngikuphike. Abanye bavela kochwepheshe abakhulu, kepha, ikakhulukazi, yizindatshana izintatheli ezingahlobene nezwe lezinja, ezithatha emihlahlandlela yokondla eyenziwe nguNestle Purina noma uKraft ukuthengisa imigqa yabo yokuphakelayo. Akukho okuphathelene neqiniso. Lo mhlahlandlela awunjalo kanjalo. Lo mhlahlandlela wenziwa ngosizo lochwepheshe bokudla okunomsoco futhi ngifuna iqiniso ekudleni kwenja yakho. Ekumphakeleni empeleni. Futhi ukuze wenze lokhu, ngikunikeze idatha eningi ongayisebenzisa ngokubona kwakho. Ukudla kwenja yethu kulungiswa kakhulu yisiko elisha elidumile elizungeze ukudla kwalo, okungumthombo walo omkhulu wokuphikisana ngezifundo, izingqungquthela, kanye nazo zonke izinhlobo zokuhlolwa kwamandla ngu ochwepheshe abakhokhelwa ngezigidigidi ngemikhiqizo ukukhombisa abakufunayo: Lokho kudla kuhle inja futhi ukudla kwemvelo akuyona. Okwakho bakhiqize lonke uchungechunge lwezinganekwane ezungeze ukondliwa kwezinja, bengayinaki iminonjana yokuzibophezela noma ubuchwepheshe kuyo, begweba izigidi zezilwane ukuthi zidle ukudla okungenayo nhlobo impilo yazo, futhi konke ngesizathu somnotho. Lokhu kusishiya nokwephula okusobala ukwethembana okumele kube khona ekhasimendeni kumenzi womkhiqizo awuthengayo, okuthengisela ukudla okuphelele kwenja yakho okungesikho nhlobo ukudla okuphelele kwenja yakho uma kungenjalo, umthombo wezinkinga zempilo. Yize iningi lalezi zinsumansumane zinesisekelo esincane sesayensi, iningi lazo lisuselwa ekujuleni kwenhliziyo futhi lilula, lidloba ukudla okufana namazambane noma u-anyanisi, kwakha uchungechunge lwezinganekwane ngokusetshenziswa kwazo ezinjeni. Zonke lezi zinganekwane nezinganekwane ngizozihlaziya ngokujulile endatshaneni yami elandelayo, noma kunjalo kunento eyodwa ecacile, konke kubi ngokweqile. Uma umphakela u-anyanisi nsuku zonke inyanga, uzombulala impela. Yidla u-anyanisi wakho kuphela inyanga. Yilapho engikhuluma khona ngokuthola ukwahlulela okuncane komuntu siqu. Akukubi ukuthi inja yakho idle imakharoni yakho notamatisi no-anyanisi, noma ukudla ikhekhe lakho lonke noma u-ayisikhilimu wakho. Ukumnika u-ayisikhilimu nsuku zonke kuzoba yinkinga. Umbandela ngicela.

Khomba bese ugcine

Ukondla kahle inja yethu kungaba yindaba yokuzijwayeza nokwenza okuthile, futhi ngalokhu sizofinyelela izimangaliso zangempela. Umfowethu uJavier Carretero, wayenenja yakhe uGus, iWest Highland Terrrier iminyaka engama-25. Akuyona ihlaya. Futhi wayenamandla waze waba neminyaka engama-23. Futhi akazange adle iphasela lokudla empilweni yakhe.

Ngaphandle kokuqhubeka nokwenza okuthile ngikushiya kuze kube yindatshana yami elandelayo, ibhuku leresiphi lezinja zakho elenziwe yimina, lapho ngizokunikeza izindlela zokupheka ezisusa esigabeni sesingeniso siye ekudleni kwemvelo, ekugcinweni kwakho.

Ngiyabonga ukusuka lapha uye kuCarlos Alberto Gutierrez kusuka Inja Nutritionist.com, ngezimfundiso nokubekezela kwakhe, noSilvia Beseran kusuka GEDVA ngokungibeka endleleni yokwazi inja yami kwenye indawo yokubuka.

Nakekela izinja zakho. Bangcono kakhulu onabo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-10, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   UMaria caicedo kusho

    Ukudla kwemvelo nakho kuyasiza ukulawula isisindo sakho

    1.    U-Antonio Carretero kusho

      Sawubona Maria. Siyabonga ngokuphawula. Iqiniso ngokuphelele. Ngikufisela okuhle.

  2.   Miriam kusho

    Sawubona sawubona ekuseni, ucabangani ngokudla kwenja okuphelelwe amanzi njenge-naku noma i-summun?
    Ngiyabonga kakhulu

    1.    U-Antonio Carretero kusho

      Sawubona Miriam. Siyabonga ngokuphawula. Kokubili uNaku noSummun bangama-brand amahle ama-2 wokudla kwenja, kepha njengoba ngihlala ngisho, akukhona ukuthi ubanikeze nje lolo hlobo lokudla noma. Ngiphinde ngagcizelela emiqondweni emibili engiyithanda kakhulu, okuhlukahlukene kanye nenqubo. Ngikufisela okuhle.

  3.   U-Antonio Carretero kusho

    Sawubona itsukikatsuraLaura, ngiyabonga ngokuphawula. Kumhlahlandlela, kune-taxonomy (iphiramidi yokudla) lapho ungabona khona ukuthi ukudla okuhle kakhulu nokubi kakhulu okufika enjeni yakho kubhalwe kanjani. Le taxonomy noma iphiramidi, isivele iyikho uqobo, umhlahlandlela wokuthi yini ekufanele kakhulu nokuthi yini ekufanele kakhulu. Ngemuva kwalokho, sengivele emibhalweni, ngenza izinkomba ezithile futhi ngiyithuthukise kancane. Uma ufunda i-athikili, uzokwazi ukubona lokho ngokuhlukana, ukuthi ngikhuluma ngemiqondo emibili engicabanga ukuthi yiyo eyinhloko ukuqala ukondla inja yakho ngendlela enengqondo: Okunhlobonhlobo kanye neCriterion. Akukho 100% kokudla okungalungile noma okungu-100% okuyinzuzo kwenja, njengabantu, kuyindaba yobuningi bayo.
    Ngakolunye uhlangothi, kunginika umuzwa wokuthi angichazanga kahle ngokuphelele, noma lowo umuzwa ohlala nami, lapho ngifunda ukuphawula kwakho ukuthi ngikhuluma ngalokho okungafanele kudliwe yinja. Ngokwami, ngiyanxusa ukuba uphinde uyifunde futhi ungithinte lapha nganoma yimiphi imibuzo ethile ongaba nayo.
    Ngokuya ngemikhiqizo, ngincoma i-NAKU ekudleni okungenamanzi nakunoma ikuphi okuphakelayo okuvela efemini yeChampion Foods. Ukubingelela.

  4.   UDennys Garcia kusho

    Sawubona, uma ungangisiza ngokudla inja yami, ine-allergies, iyisiphambano sika-Sharpei ne-Labrador, udokotela wezilwane usanda kungitshela ukuthi angizange ngimnike okuthile okulungiselelwe engangimenzela kona ikakhulukazi, kodwa ukuthi ngimnikeze okuthile okulungiselelwe. mnike imbewu kuphela kodwa usenonyaka owodwa ubudala. Inyanga engu-1 futhi ngicabanga ukuthi isivele inezinyanga ezingu-1 ngokungezwani komzimba nesikhumba, izinwele zakhe ziyawa x izingxenye ngicela ningisize imikhonzo evela ku-Chloé's part? kanye nami nomama wakhe uCanina Dennys

  5.   Adriana ukukhanya kusho

    Ngiyabonga kakhulu ngaleli khasi, nangesiqondisi sokudla. Ngihlala eColombia, nginenja yokutholwa okusobala ukuthi yazalwa esiphambanweni esiphakathi kwentshebe enentshebe nolunye uhlobo. Izindatshana zakho zibonakala zisekelwa kahle kakhulu yimithombo yochwepheshe nangokucabanga okuningi. Ngokuvamile, zonke izimboni ziqasha ososayensi, odokotela noma ochwepheshe ukuthi bagunyaze izindlela nemikhiqizo yabo, okuvame ukungabi nesimilo esihle, uma uchwepheshe eklonyeliswa ngezezimali yilezo zimboni ukuze avume esikhundleni sokufuna iqiniso elilungele iningi lohlobo ezingaphansi kwalokhu kusetshenziswa.
    Egameni lenja yami, ngiyabonga ngolwazi, olungenza iningi lethu licabange, futhi lithathe izinyathelo zangempela ezithuthukisa izinga lempilo yezilwane ezifuywayo.

  6.   Carolina kusho

    Ngiyabonga ngolwazi olubalulekile kangaka, futhi ungesabi ukukhuluma iqiniso, akunakwenzeka ukuthi izilwane ezifuywayo zilinyazwa "" ukudla okucatshangwayo "" okunazo zonke izakhi,..." "Ufulawa wekolweni ohlanzekile" kanye ne-trans ngaphezulu phezulu “Into efanayo eyenza abantu bagule futhi babulale abantu futhi akekho osho okuthile ukuze bangalahlekelwa ” “ukusikwa” kwabo ebhizinisini elinemali engaka. Ngiyethemba ukuthi ngelinye ilanga bazolikhokhela icala abalenza kwesokudla nesobunxele ngokuhambisana neziphathimandla

  7.   UValeria Cevallos kusho

    Sawubona, ukunambitheka ... indatshana enhle kakhulu iyiqiniso impela ... Bengihlala ngiyinika inja yami ibhalansi phakathi kokudla okwenziwe ekhaya namakhokho njengoba kubekiwe ... ngemuva kokufunda lokhu ngizolungisa amanye amaphutha ebengiwenza njengokuthi ukungamniki amathambo ... ngizozama ... mhlawumbe ngikuvumelanise nokudla kwakhe kancane kancane ... ngakolunye uhlangothi umdlwane wami muva nje ubulokhu ucasulwa kakhulu isikhumba ... mhlawumbe ukudla okunobuthi ... mina ' Ngikhathazekile ngo-!!! ... mhlawumbe kukhona ukudla okusebenzayo kwesimo sakhe ?? P.S. (Breed: Huseri weSiberia) ngibonga kakhulu !!!

  8.   U-Israyeli Ushadile kusho

    Ngiyabonga kakhulu ngale ndatshana, ibhalwe kahle kakhulu futhi isuselwa kwizifundo namaqiniso afakazelwe. Halala. Kungisizile okuningi ukuziqondisa futhi ngazi ukuthi ngiyakwazi ukondla inja yami.